Hervé J. Toutain

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Primary cultures of renal rabbit proximal tubule cells were initiated from a pure suspension of proximal tubule fragments. Proximal tubule cells were grown in a hormone-supplemented, serum-free medium containing low concentrations of antibiotics. Confluent monolayers exhibited multicellular dome formation, indicating the presence of transepithelial solute(More)
The proximal tubule appears to be the main target for the adverse effects of cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (II) (cDDP). We evaluated the early effects of cDDP at concentrations (3 to 67 microM) lower that those which alter cell viability, on three apical transport systems and on the physical state of the brush border membrane (BBM) in rabbit proximal tubule(More)
The potent anticancer drug cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (II) (cDDP) impairs glucose reabsorption by renal proximal tubular cells, which leads to glucosuria. We investigated the direct effect of cDDP (0.04-2 mM) on the Na+/glucose cotransport system in brush-border membrane (BBM) vesicles from the rabbit renal cortex. cDDP induced 1) concentration-dependent(More)
The potent anticancer drug cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (II) (CDDP) interferes early with electrolyte transport by the renal proximal tubule. To study the early effects of platinum coordination complexes on apical Na(+)-coupled transport systems, we examined the effect of increasing concentrations of CDDP, trans-diamminedichloroplatinum (II) (TDDP) and(More)
We examined the maintenance of functional and morphological integrity of precision-cut rat liver slices cultured in various incubation systems and conditions for 72 h. Slices were incubated (37°C) for 6, 24, 48, and 72 h in supplemented Williams E medium in 6-well plastic culture plates on a gyratory shaking platform (WPCS) or in a rotating organ culture(More)
We tested the effects of low 20% O2) and high (70% O2) oxygen tension on the morphological and biochemical integrity of human liver slices incubated for up to 72 h in supplemented Williams' E medium in a dynamic rotating culture system. High oxygen tension was more effective than low oxygen tension for preserving morphological integrity in long-term culture(More)
The characteristics of two established renal cell lines (LLC-PKI and OK) and of primary cultures of rabbit and human proximal tubule cells are described by summarizing the literature about specific properties retained by these cells in culture. Furthermore, comparative biochemical and functional properties are presented including both specific marker(More)
Highly differentiated human proximal tubule (HPT) cells in primary culture were established from heterogeneous suspension of tubules prepared from the human renal cortex by an original two-step procedure. First, gluconeogenic-competent HPT cells were selected by using a hormonally defined serum-free medium without glucose or insulin; then, the selected HPT(More)
This report describes the establishment and characterization of the mhPKT cell line derived from the liver of a transgenic mouse harboring the simian virus (SV40) large T and small t antigens placed under the control of the 5' regulatory sequence of the rat L-type pyruvate kinase (L-PK) gene. mhPKT cells had a prolonged life span, expressed the SV40-encoded(More)