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Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) is an attractive method for clinically monitoring patients during mechanical ventilation, because it can provide a non-invasive continuous image of pulmonary impedance which indicates the distribution of ventilation. However, most clinical and physiological research in lung EIT is done using older and proprietary(More)
Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) is a non-invasive technique for imaging the conductivity distribution of a body section. Different types of EIT images can be reconstructed: absolute, time difference and frequency difference. Reconstruction algorithms are sensitive to many errors which translate into image artefacts. These errors generally result from(More)
Spirometry and electrical impedance tomography (EIT) data from 26 healthy subjects (14 males, 12 females) were used to develop a model linking contrast variations in EIT difference images to lung volume changes. Eight recordings, each 64 s long, were made for each subject in four postures (standing, sitting, reclining at 45 degrees, supine) and two(More)
Assessing the performance of electrical impedance tomography (EIT) systems usually requires a phantom for validation, calibration, or comparison purposes. This paper describes a resistive mesh phantom to assess the performance of EIT systems while taking into account cabling stray effects similar to in vivo conditions. This phantom is built with 340(More)
Completely or partially disconnected electrodes are a fairly common occurrence in many electrical impedance tomography (EIT) clinical applications. Several factors can contribute to electrode disconnection: patient movement, perspiration, manipulations by clinical staff, and defective electrode leads or electronics. By corrupting several measurements,(More)
– Recently, electrical impedance tomogra-phy (EIT) has begun to see a significant clinical interest for monitoring of ventilated patients. The key capability of EIT is to provide real-time images of the distribution of ventilation in the patient's lungs. However, most clinical and physiological research in lung EIT is done using older and proprietary(More)
Finite element modeling of the skin is useful to study the electrical properties of cutaneous tissues and gain a better understanding of the current distribution within the skin. Such an epithelial finite element model comprises extremely thin structures like cellular membranes, nuclear membranes, and the extracellular fluid. Meshing such narrow spaces(More)
This paper describes a phantom built from 340 precision resistors on a printed circuit board (PCB) representing a circular homogeneous medium. Compared to other phantoms in the literature , this phantom generates very realistic signals while preserving the ability to produce localized perturbations for testing the imaging capabilities of an EIT system.(More)