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BACKGROUND Diapause, a condition of developmental arrest and metabolic depression exhibited by a wide range of animals is accompanied by complex physiological and biochemical changes that generally enhance environmental stress tolerance and synchronize reproduction. Even though some aspects of diapause have been well characterized, very little is known(More)
In spite of the extensive knowledge of the biology and the genetics of Drosophila melanogaster, the mechanisms by which this fly builds up cold tolerance remain poorly understood. Recent studies have reported that acclimation-mediated acquisition of cold tolerance is associated with moderate accumulation of sugars in drosophilids. However, it is not known(More)
The spotted wing Drosophila, Drosophila suzukii, is a new pest in Europe and America which causes severe damages, mostly to stone fruit crops. Temperature and humidity are among the most important abiotic factors governing insect development and fitness. In many situations, temperature can become stressful thus compromising survival. The ability to cope(More)
The cryopreservation techniques proposed for embryos of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster are not yet ready for practical use. Alternative methods for long-term storage of D. melanogaster strains, although urgently needed, do not exist. Herein, we describe a narrow interval of low temperatures under which the larvae of D. melanogaster can be stored in(More)
Many experiments have shown that dietary restriction, for instance by removing live yeast or modifying the protein/carbohydrate ratio, can modulate lifespan, fecundity, resistance to severe stresses and behaviour in Drosophila melanogaster flies. The present study tested whether feeding flies with frozen yeast rather than with fresh yeast could have some(More)
Plasticité de la réponse à l'exposition au froid chez Aphidius ervi dans le cadre des processus de stockage utilisés en lutte biologique Thèse soutenue à Rennes le 11 février 2011 devant le jury composé de : The effect of cold storage on the growth rate of the population of Aphidius ervi Stress intensity and fitness: low temperature combined with(More)
BACKGROUND Almost all animals, including insects, need to adapt to temperature fluctuations. The molecular basis of thermal adaptation is not well understood, although a number of candidate genes have been proposed. However, a functional link between candidate genes and thermal tolerance has rarely been established. The gene Frost (Fst) was first discovered(More)
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