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Sarizotan exhibited high affinities only to serotonin 5-HT1A receptors and dopamine DA D4>D3>D2 receptors with the profile of a 5-HT1A agonist and DA antagonist demonstrated by the inhibition of cAMP-stimulation and guinea pig ileum contraction, decreased accumulation of the 5-HT precursor 5-hydroxytryptophan and increased levels of 5-HT metabolites,(More)
In view of the calcium hypothesis the effect of nimodipine (Bay e 9736, CAS 66085-59-4) on the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced depletions in dopamine and serotonin were investigated in C57-BL/6 mice. Oral treatment with nimodipine (5 mg/kg and 20 mg/kg b.i.d., respectively, for 9 days) prior to, during and following(More)
Farnsworth-Munsell 100 Hue test (FMT) error scores and peg insertion abilities significantly differ between Parkinson's disease (PD) patients and controls. Both tasks ask for performance of voluntary movements. The objective of this study was to demonstrate a relation between FMT error scores and peg insertion outcomes. We successively performed both tasks(More)
Administration of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) to common marmosets causes a profound loss of dopamine and serotonin in the striatum. Additional daily systemic treatment of monkeys with the antioxidants ascorbic acid (100 mg/kg) and alpha-tocopherol (2,350 mg/kg) prior to, during and following administration of MPTP does not prevent(More)
Protracted long-term treatment of common marmosets with 15 doses (0.5-4.5 mg/kg, i.p.) of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP; total dose 25 mg/kg, given over 29 days) caused transitory changes in motor behaviour reminiscent of human Parkinson's disease. 16 days from the start of MPTP administration, all animals showed motor impairment,(More)
1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) destroys nigrostriatal dopaminergic pathways and thereby produces a syndrome similar to Parkinson's disease. MPTP is oxidized by monoamine oxidase B (MAO B) to the 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP+), which is taken up in dopaminergic neurons through the dopamine (DA) uptake system, where it develops(More)
Clinicians use acute challenges with levodopa (LD) and/or apomorphine (A) for diagnostic dopaminergic response tests in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. We consecutively compared the value of both drugs with performance of repeated ratings and adverse effect recording. Oral administration of 200 mg LD was superior to subcutaneous injection of 4 mg A in(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD), a slowly, progressive degenerative disorder of the central nervous system, which affects about ten million people world-wide, is currently treated symptomatically. Current treatment aim i. e. to balance the decreased dopamine turnover in striatal neurons. Chronic exposure to dopaminergic agents, however, supports onset of motor(More)