Herrmann Haller

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Caveolae are plasma membrane invaginations that may play an important role in numerous cellular processes including transport, signaling, and tumor suppression. By targeted disruption of caveolin-1, the main protein component of caveolae, we generated mice that lacked caveolae. The absence of this organelle impaired nitric oxide and calcium signaling in the(More)
Importin alpha plays a pivotal role in the classical nuclear protein import pathway. Importin alpha shuttles between nucleus and cytoplasm, binds nuclear localization signal-bearing proteins, and functions as an adapter to access the importin beta-dependent import pathway. In contrast to what is found for importin beta, several isoforms of importin alpha,(More)
BACKGROUND Prospectively identifying patients whose renal function or blood pressure will improve after the correction of renal-artery stenosis has not been possible. We evaluated whether a high level of resistance to flow in the segmental arteries of both kidneys (indicated by resistance-index values of at least 80) can be used prospectively to select(More)
Immune mechanisms and the renin-angiotensin system are implicated in preeclampsia. We investigated 25 preeclamptic patients and compared them with 12 normotensive pregnant women and 10 pregnant patients with essential hypertension. Antibodies were detected by the chronotropic responses to AT1 receptor-mediated stimulation of cultured neonatal rat(More)
Intracellular Ca(2+) levels control both contraction and relaxation in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Ca(2+)-dependent relaxation is mediated by discretely localized Ca(2+) release events through ryanodine receptor (RyR) channels in the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). These local increases in Ca(2+) concentration, termed sparks, stimulate nearby(More)
We recently reported that the activation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) promotes inflammation in rats harboring both human renin and angiotensinogen genes (double-transgenic rats [dTGR]). We tested the hypothesis that the antioxidant pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) inhibits NF-kappaB and ameliorates renal and cardiac end-organ damage. dTGR feature(More)
Claudins are components of the tight junctional complex in epithelial and endothelial cells. We characterized the composition of tight junctions in the choroid plexus of the lateral ventricle in the rat brain and tested whether protein kinase C induced changes in their composition. Claudin-1, -2 and -5 were present in the epithelial cells at and near the(More)
Large-conductance potassium (BK) channels in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) sense both changes in membrane potential and in intracellular Ca(2+) concentration. BK channels may serve as negative feedback regulators of vascular tone by linking membrane depolarization and local increases in intracellular Ca(2+) concentration (Ca(2+) sparks) to(More)
Ca(2+) sparks are localized intracellular Ca(2+) events released through ryanodine receptors (RyRs) that control excitation-contraction coupling in heart and smooth muscle. Ca(2+) spark triggering depends on precise delivery of Ca(2+) ions through dihydropyridine (DHP)-sensitive Ca(2+) channels to RyRs of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR), a process requiring(More)
The extracellular matrix influences the cellular spreading of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) via integrin receptors. However, the intracellular signaling mechanisms are still incompletely understood. We investigated the hypothesis that VSMCs binding to fibronectin activates the protein kinase C (PKC) pathway, causes differential intracellular PKC(More)