Herng-Er Horng

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A highly sensitive immunoassay, the immunomagnetic reduction, is used to measure several biomarkers for plasma that is related to Alzheimer's disease (AD). These biomarkers include Aβ-40, Aβ-42, and tau proteins. The samples are composed of four groups: healthy controls (n=66), mild cognitive impairment (MCI, n=22), very mild dementia (n=23), and(More)
Neurofibrillary tangles are associated with cognitive dysfunction, and hippocampal atrophy with increased CSF tau markers. However, the plasma tau levels of Alzheimer's disease (AD) have not been well studied. We investigated plasma tau by using an immunomagnetic reduction assay in 20 patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) due to AD, 10 early AD(More)
Magnetic nanoparticles biofunctionalized with antibodies against β-amyloid-40 (Aβ-40) and Aβ-42, which are promising biomarkers related to Alzheimer's disease (AD), were synthesized. We characterized the size distribution, saturated magnetizations, and stability of the magnetic nanoparticles conjugated with anti-Aβ antibody. In combination with(More)
Several methods have been described to introduce DNA expression vectors into mammalian cells both in vitro and in vivo. Each system has benefits and limitations, and to date there is still no ideal method for gene transfer. In this study, we introduced a novel method of gene transfer by using Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The magnetic nanoparticles composed of(More)
This study describes magnetically driven suppression of cross-reactions among molecules. First, the magnetic nanoparticles are coated with bio-probes and dispersed in liquid. The bio-probes can then bind with homologous or heterologous bio-targets. When alternating-current (ac) magnetic fields are applied, magnetic nanoparticles rotate driven by ac magnetic(More)
Under the action of externally-applied magnetic fields, a portion of magnetic particles was condensed out from the initially monodispersed magnetic fluid and formed into magnetic chains or columns, depending on the direction of the applied fields. These chains or columns evolved from a disordered phase to an ordered structural pattern as the field strength(More)
To achieve early-stage diagnosis, a high-sensitivity assay method is needed. As a biomarker, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has played a growing role in diagnosing and treating hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this work, an immunomagnetic reduction (IMR) through bio-functionalized magnetic nanoparticles and a high-temperature(More)
A platform for assaying avian influenza H5N1 viruses that involves measuring the ac immunomagnetic reduction of a magnetic reagent mixed with a detected sample is developed. The magnetic reagent contained magnetic nanoparticles coated with antibodies. To achieve an ultra-high sensitivity assay, a system utilizing a high-transition-temperature(More)
Recent advances in biomarkers provide the possibility of early or preclinical diagnosis of Alzheimer's pathology. Currently, decreased levels of Aβ-42 and increased levels of tau proteins in cerebral spinal fluid are considered reliable biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease (AD); however, little evidence exists for the use of amyloid and tau protein levels in(More)
Although there is a consensus on the reduced levels of Aβ1-42 in the CSF of patients with AD, studies of plasma Aβ levels were inconsistent and have limited clinical value. We developed an immunomagnetic reduction assay (IMR) to determine the plasma levels of Aβ. We surveyed patients with varying AD severity (CDR = 0.5, n=16; CDR ≥ 1, n=18) and controls(More)