Hernando Knobel Freud

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BACKGROUND Microbial translocation has been associated with an increase in immune activation and inflammation in HIV infection despite effective highly active antiretroviral therapy. It has been shown that some probiotics have a beneficial effect by reducing intestinal permeability and, consequently, microbial translocation. OBJECTIVES To assess changes(More)
UNLABELLED The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic performance of fibrobronchoscopy (FBS) in the pulmonary pathology of HIV-positive patients, in order to study the effect of several factors on such performance and to evaluate if these factors could guide the etiologic diagnosis. A retrospective study of 49 FBS with bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL)(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the influence of sex in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients with lipodystrophy and its association with cardiovascular risk factors. PATIENTS AND METHOD A cross-sectional study was conducted in HIV-infected patients aged 20 or over managed at the outpatient Infectious Disease Unit in 2003. Clinical and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Vitamin D (vitD) is involved in the phosphor-calcium metabolism and bone pathology, but also in inflammatory and infectious processes such as tuberculosis. The present study evaluates the clinical and epidemiological aspects of active tuberculosis cases and latently infected contacts in whom plasma concentrations of vitD were(More)