Hernando Escobar

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The importance of immunoproteasomes to antigen presentation has been unclear because animals totally lacking immunoproteasomes had not been available. Having now developed mice lacking the three immunoproteasome catalytic subunits, we found that the dendritic cells of these mice had defects in presenting several major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class(More)
The MHC class I (MHC-I) molecules ferry a cargo of peptides to the cell surface as potential ligands for CD8(+) cytotoxic T cells. For nearly 20 years, the cargo has been described as a collection of short 8-9 mer peptides, whose length and sequences were believed to be primarily determined by the peptide-binding groove of MHC-I molecules. Yet the(More)
The majority of >2000 HLA class I molecules can be clustered according to overlapping peptide binding specificities or motifs recognized by CD8(+) T cells. HLA class I motifs are classified based on the specificity of residues located in the P2 and the C-terminal positions of the peptide. However, it has been suggested that other positions might be relevant(More)
Effective CD8(+) T cell responses depend on presentation of a stable peptide repertoire by MHC class I (MHC I) molecules on the cell surface. The overall quality of peptide-MHC I complexes (pMHC I) is determined by poorly understood mechanisms that generate and load peptides with appropriate consensus motifs onto MHC I. In this article, we show that both(More)
Most major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I–peptide-binding motifs are currently defined on the basis of quantitative in vitro MHC–peptide-binding assays. This information is used to develop bioinformatics-based tools to predict the binding of peptides to MHC class I molecules. To date few studies have analyzed the performance of these(More)
The importance of immunoproteasomes to antigen presentation has been unclear because animals totally lacking immunoproteasomes have not been previously developed. Here we show that dendritic cells from mice lacking the three immunoproteasome catalytic subunits display defects in presenting multiple major histocompatability (MHC) class I epitopes. During(More)
Numerous molecular effects have been attributed to histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACI's), including the induction of major histocompatibility (MHC) genes. Here we report that one FDA approved HDACI, Vorinostat, and a second HDACI currently in clinical trials, Entinostat, reduce the ratio of class II associated invariant peptide (CLIP) to the MHC class II(More)
Systematic investigation of cellular process by mass spectrometric detection of peptides obtained from proteins digestion or directly from immuno-purification can be a powerful tool when used appropriately. The true sequence of these peptides is defined by the interpretation of spectral data using a variety of available algorithms. However peptide match(More)
HLA-DM is essential for editing peptides bound to MHC class II, thus influencing the repertoire of peptides mediating selection and activation of CD4(+) T cells. Individuals expressing HLA-DQ2 or DQ8, and DQ2/8 trans-dimers, have elevated risk for type 1 diabetes (T1D). Cells coexpressing DM with these DQ molecules were observed to express elevated levels(More)
HLA-DM and class II associated invariant chain (Ii) are key cofactors in the MHC class II (MHCII) antigen processing pathway. We used tandem mass spectrometry sequencing to directly interrogate the global impact of DM and Ii on the repertoire of MHCII-bound peptides in human embryonic kidney 293T cells expressing HLA-DQ molecules in the absence or presence(More)