Hernán Vargas

Learn More
Cervical cancer (CC), a leading cause of cancer-related deaths in women worldwide, has been causally linked to genital human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Although a host of genetic alterations have been identified, molecular basis of CC development is still poorly understood. We examined the role of promoter hypermethylation, an epigenetic alteration(More)
Integration of human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16) into the host DNA has been proposed as a potential marker of cervical neoplastic progression. In this study, a quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to examine the physical status of HPV-16 in 126 cervical carcinoma in situ and 92 invasive cervical cancers. Based on criteria applied to results(More)
This is the first report of a Plasmodium blood parasite found in the Galapagos Archipelago. Phylogenetic analyses place this parasite, recovered from endangered Galapagos penguins (Spheniscus mendiculus), within the genus Plasmodium, and suggest a close relationship to some of the most dangerous lineages of Plasmodium that have been known to cause severe(More)
Poultry production is an important economic activity on inhabited islands of the Galápagos archipelago. There has been a recent surge in both small-scale backyard chickens and larger scale broiler production associated with growth in the human population and the tourist industry. With increased poultry production, concerns have been expressed about the(More)
Patients with advanced stage invasive cervical cancer (CC) exhibit highly complex genomic alterations and respond poorly to conventional treatment protocols. In our efforts to understand the molecular genetic basis of CC, we examined the role of Fanconi Anemia (FA)-BRCA pathway. Here, we show that FANCF gene is disrupted by either promoter hypermethylation(More)
Carcinoma of uterine cervix is the second most common cancers among women worldwide. Combined radiation and chemotherapy is the choice of treatment for advanced stages of the disease. The prognosis is poor, with a five-year survival rate ranging from about 20–65%, depending on stage of the disease. Therefore, genetic characterization is essential for(More)
Galapagos penguins (Spheniscus mendiculus) and flightless cormorants (Phalacrocorax harrisi) live in small, isolated populations on the westernmost islands of Isabela and Fernandina in the Galápagos Islands, Ecuador. Between August 2003 and February 2005, 4 field trips, 2 in the cool, dry season (August 2003 and August 2004) and 2 in the hot, rainy season(More)
The optimal initial treatment for selected patients with perforated appendicitis may be nonoperative. For this reason it is important to be able to diagnose perforated appendicitis preoperatively. The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of diagnosing perforated appendicitis using only admission factors. The study population was comprised of(More)
The purpose of this study was to review and characterize the indications and early outcomes of abdominoperineal resection (APR) when used in a colorectal practice in an academic setting. Data was collected from the charts of all patients undergoing APR in a retrospective manner. Data collected included demographic information and details regarding the(More)
We performed comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) and high-resolution deletion mapping of the long arm of chromosome 2 (2q) in invasive cervical carcinoma (CC). The CGH analyses on 52 CCs identified genetic losses at 2q33–q36, gain of 3q26–q29, and frequent chromosomal amplifications. Characterization of 2q deletions by loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in 60(More)