Hernán Speisky

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BACKGROUND Copper is an essential nutrient for humans. Recently, a limit of 31.48 micromol/l (2 mg/l) was proposed by the World Health Organization as the provisional guideline value for copper content of drinking water. The objective of the study was to determine the tolerance of chronic exposure to drinking water with low or high copper content in(More)
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate in a novel manner the arsenic exposure of humans living in two towns in Northeastern Chile. Residents of one town drink water containing 593 microg As/l. Those in the control town drink water containing 21 microg As/l. Our hypothesis was that the administration of the chelating agent,(More)
BACKGROUND Mild and moderate effects of marginally low and marginally high copper exposure are poorly understood in humans. OBJECTIVE The objective was to assess acute gastrointestinal effects and blood markers of copper status in apparently healthy adults who underwent controlled copper exposure for 2 mo. DESIGN This was a 2-mo, randomized, controlled,(More)
Copper is an essential trace element for many biological processes. Its functions range from influencing specific gene expression to serving as a cofactor or prosthetic group for several enzymes. Intakes of copper at doses that exceed physiologic demands are normally met with efficient homeostatic mechanisms. Ceruloplasmin, albumin, and transcuprein, and to(More)
It is generally accepted that copper toxicity is a consequence of the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by copper ions via Fenton or Haber-Weiss reactions. Copper ions display high affinity for thiol and amino groups occurring in proteins. Thus, specialized proteins containing clusters of these groups transport and store copper ions, hampering(More)
The interaction between Cu(2+) ions and GSH molecules leads to the swift formation of the physiologically occurring Cu(I)-[GSH](2) complex. Recently, we reported that this complex is able to reduce molecular oxygen into superoxide in a reversible reaction. In the present study, by means of fluorescence, luminescence, EPR and NMR techniques, we investigated(More)
This paper reports the first database on antioxidants contained in fruits produced and consumed within the south Andes region of South America. The database ( www.portalantioxidantes.com ) contains over 500 total phenolics (TP) and ORAC values for more than 120 species/varieties of fruits. All analyses were conducted by a single ISO/IEC 17025-certified(More)
Relevant biological effects associated with mild to moderate copper deficiency and copper excess are unknown. It is difficult to identify markers of these early changes because limits of the homeostatic range are still undefined and early changes may represent adaptive responses that do not imply necessarily risk of damage. We report here a series of(More)
The increasing recognition of the participation of free radical-mediated oxidative events in the initiation and/or progression of cardiovascular, tumoural, inflammatory and neurodegenerative disorders, has given rise to the search for new antioxidant molecules. An important source of such molecules has been plants for which there is an ethno-cultural base(More)
Polyphenols, ubiquitously present in fruits and vegetables, have been traditionally viewed as antioxidant molecules. Such contention emerged, mainly from their well established in vitro ability to scavenge free radicals and other reactive oxygen species (ROS). During the last decade, however, increasing evidence has emerged supporting the ability of certain(More)