Herminia Peraita

Learn More
Semantic memory is the subsystem of human memory that stores knowledge of concepts or meanings, as opposed to life-specific experiences. How humans organize semantic information remains poorly understood. In an effort to better understand this issue, we conducted a verbal fluency experiment on 200 participants with the aim of inferring and representing the(More)
INTRODUCTION Patients with dementia, especially Alzheimer's disease, present several circadian impairments related to an accelerated perturbation of their biological clock that is caused by the illness itself and not merely age-related. Thus, the objective of this work was to elucidate whether these circadian system alterations were already present in(More)
The aim of the study was to analyze lexical access strategies in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and their changes over time. We studied lexical access strategies during semantic and phonemic verbal fluency tests and also confrontation naming in a 2-year prospective cohort of 45 MS patients and 20 healthy controls. At baseline, switching lexical(More)
Exposure to elevated glucocorticoid levels has a detrimental impact on cognitive function. In the present study, elderly individuals were classified according to their cognitive status to (i) cognitively healthy; (ii) amnestic; (iii) nonamnestic; or (iv) multidomain, with an extensive cognitive profiling. Salivary cortisol samples were taken at awakening,(More)
The present work addresses one of the currently most controversial aspects of early detection of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other dementias; that is, the identification of the Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) syndrome-in some cases, prior to AD-in a sample of older subjects who are healthy from the cognitive viewpoint. In a three-year longitudinal study,(More)
In the field of neuropsychology, it is essential to determine which neuropsychological tests predict Alzheimer's disease (AD) in people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and which cut-off points should be used to identify people at greater risk for converting to dementia. The aim of the present study was to analyse the predictive value of the cognitive(More)
We applied latent class analysis (LCA) to a set of neuropsychological data with the aim of corroborating the three cognitive profiles of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) described in the literature, namely: healthy, amnestic, non-amnestic, and multidomain. The ultimate purpose of the LCA was to try to find the underlying classification of MCI and related(More)
The decline in semantic memory observed in Alzheimer's disease is presumed to result from progressive loss of the attributes underlying category representation. Here, we explored the possibility that semantic deterioration would affect attributes differently, depending on the type of semantic relationship connecting the subject and the object of the(More)
BACKGROUND Early detection of Alzheimer's disease (AD) has become one of the principal focuses of research in medicine, particularly when the disease is incipient or even prodromic, because treatments are more effective in these stages. Lexical-semantic-conceptual deficit (LSCD) in the oral definitions of semantic categories for basic objects is an(More)
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is defined as an intermediate state between normal aging and disease that can sometimes evolve to Alzheimer ́s type dementia (DAT). The need to find markers for the early detection of MCI requires specific neuropsychological tests; basically, memory tests can be considered early markers of this syndrome. This proposed(More)