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Few data are available regarding the role of human skin dendritic cells (DCs) in driving T-cell responses. In this study we analyzed the relative capacity of Langerhans cells (LCs) and dermal CD14(-)CD1c(+) DCs (DDCs) to trigger naive CD4(+) T-cell proliferation and differentiation. DC subsets were purified after a 2-day migration from epidermis and dermis(More)
Breast cancer has become the most common cancer among women in industrialized countries. Obesity is well established as a risk factor, in particular owing to the attendant secretion of the entities called adipokines; there is growing evidence for a role of cells and factors present in the mammary tumor microenvironment such as fibroblasts, preadipocytes,(More)
Zinc-α2-glycoprotein (ZAG) is a new adipokine whose gene expression is downregulated in obese patients. We recently reported ZAG expression in breast tumor or healthy breast tissue and detected this expression at high levels in ductal carcinoma and in normal epithelial adjacent tissue but not in normal tissue of healthy women. In the present study, we used(More)
Obesity is a risk factor for breast cancer in postmenopausal women. Leptin, a hormone excessively produced during obesity, is suggested to be involved in breast cancer. The aim of the study was to investigate procarcinogenic potential of leptin by evaluating influence of leptin on cell proliferation, cell cycle, apoptosis, and signaling on numerous breast(More)
Obesity is now considered as a risk factor for breast cancer in postmenopausal women. Adipokine levels are modulated in obesity, and may play a role in carcinogenesis. Moreover, obesity increases risk of cancer mortality. Here, we hypothesized that this increase could be due to a modification in angiogenesis, capital event in the development of metastases,(More)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) and vascular-disrupting agents (VDA) each have their advantages in the treatment of solid tumors, but also present drawbacks. In PDT, hypoxia at the center of the tumor limits conversion of molecular oxygen into singlet oxygen, while VDAs are deficient at affecting the rim of the tumor. A phthalocyanine-chalcone conjugate(More)
Epidermal Langerhans cells (LCs) are the first dendritic cells to encounter skin pathogens. However, their function has recently been challenged, especially in the initiation of T-cell responses to viral antigens. We have previously reported that fresh immature human LCs express mRNA encoding TLR3. Here we analyze the response of highly purified human LCs(More)
Breast cancer is correlated with a higher risk of metastasis in obese postmenopausal women. Adipokines, whose plasma concentrations are modulated in obese subjects and adipocytes surround mammary cells, suggesting that adipocyte secretome affect mammary tumorogenesis. We hypothesize that mature adipocyte secretions from obese women conditioned or not by(More)
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