Hermes J. Garbán

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The ubiquitous transcription factor Yin Yang 1 (YY1) is known to have a fundamental role in normal biologic processes such as embryogenesis, differentiation, replication, and cellular proliferation. YY1 exerts its effects on genes involved in these processes via its ability to initiate, activate, or repress transcription depending upon the context in which(More)
Aging is an important risk factor for impotence in men. Because nitric oxide (NO) appears to be the mediator of corpora cavernosal smooth muscle relaxation, we have examined in 5-, 20-, and 30-mo-old rats, designated "adult," "old," and "senescent," respectively, whether aging causes a decrease of erectile response that may correlate with lower NO synthase(More)
Erectile dysfunction is mainly due to the inability of the cavernosal smooth muscle of the penis to undergo complete relaxation. In the aging rat model, erectile dysfunction is accompanied by a reduction of penile smooth muscle compliance and, in very old animals, by a decrease in penile nitric oxide synthase (NOS), which is responsible for the synthesis of(More)
We have recently reported that Rituximab (anti-CD20) sensitizes drug-resistant 2F7 and 10C9 B Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) cell lines to the apoptotic effects of various chemotherapeutic drugs by downregulation of IL-10 and Bcl-2 expression. The mechanism by which Rituximab induces downregulation of IL-10 was examined. We hypothesized that Rituximab may(More)
Lung cancer is the most common cancer in the world. It is a highly lethal disease in women and men, and new treatments are urgently needed. Previous studies implicated a role of estrogens and estrogen receptors in lung cancer progression, and this steroidal growth-stimulatory pathway may be promoted by tumor expression and activity of aromatase, an estrogen(More)
The transcription repressor Yin Yang 1 (YY1) is expressed in several human cancer cell lines and its expression correlates with resistance to immune-mediated apoptosis. This study used tissue microarrays to investigate the expression and localization of YY1 in 1364 representative tissue samples from 246 hormone naive prostate cancer patients who underwent(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) has been shown to be selective in the induction of apoptosis in cancer cells with minimal toxicity to normal tissues and this prompted its potential therapeutic application in cancer. However, not all cancers are sensitive to TRAIL-mediated apoptosis and, therefore, TRAIL-resistant cancer cells(More)
Propionibacterium acnes induction of inflammatory responses is a major etiological factor contributing to the pathogenesis of acne vulgaris. In particular, the IL-1 family of cytokines has a critical role in both initiation of acne lesions and in the inflammatory response in acne. In this study, we demonstrated that human monocytes respond to P. acnes and(More)
Acne vulgaris is the most common skin disorder affecting millions of people worldwide and inflammation resulting from the immune response targeting Propionibacterium acnes has a significant role in its pathogenesis. In this study, we have demonstrated that P. acnes is a potent inducer of T helper 17 (Th17) and Th1, but not Th2 responses in human peripheral(More)
Fas-mediated apoptosis represents one major mechanism by which tumor cells can be eliminated by activated cytotoxic immune lymphocytes. Previously, we have reported that interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) sensitizes human ovarian carcinoma cell lines to Fas-mediated apoptosis. Furthermore, IFN-gamma, together with many other proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-alpha,(More)