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Acquired, nonmalignant tracheoesophageal fistula is an uncommon and difficult problem to manage. The most common cause is a complication of endotracheal or tracheostomy tubes. Most are diagnosed while patients still require mechanical ventilation. We use a conservative approach until patients are weaned from ventilation. A tracheostomy tube is placed so(More)
Multiple techniques, often complex, have been used to repair the esophagus following spontaneous, instrumental, or postsurgical perforation, especially when the diagnosis of perforation has been delayed. We have closed such perforations by wrapping a pedicled pleural flap around the esophagus, suturing it firmly over the area of leakage and around its(More)
BACKGROUND The principal feature of bronchoalveolar carcinoma is that it spreads along airways or aerogenously with multifocality, but many issues are unresolved. METHODS We studied 119 patients with pathologically confirmed bronchoalveolar carcinoma. Symptoms, smoking status, radiologic findings, the size of tumor, operative procedures, and complications(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to identify risk factors for anastomotic complications after tracheal resection and to describe the management of these patients. METHODS This was a single-institution, retrospective review of 901 patients who underwent tracheal resection. RESULTS The indications for tracheal resection were postintubation tracheal stenosis in 589(More)
Between 1962 and 1991, 72 patients (mean age 63.4 years) underwent sleeve lobectomy for primary lung cancer. Thirty-seven patients had adequate lung function and 35 were deemed unsuitable for pneumonectomy on the basis of inadequate pulmonary reserve (n = 31) or cardiac risk factors (n = 4). Squamous cell carcinomas (68%) and adenocarcinomas (26%)(More)
Twenty-one patients underwent combined therapy (irradiation and radical resection) for a Pancoast tumor at the Massachusetts General Hospital between 1976 and 1985. All patients underwent en bloc removal of the apical chest wall and underlying lung. In addition four patients required subclavian artery resection, and in five patients a portion of the(More)
PURPOSE The main objectives of this study were (a) to ascertain the feasibility and toxicity of preoperative twice-daily radiation therapy and concurrent chemotherapy, surgery, and postoperative therapy in stage IIIA (N2) non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and (b) to evaluate tumor response, resection rate, pathologic tumor downstaging, and survival. (More)
In an attempt to improve on the long-term survival rate of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, we designed a study in which treatment included preoperative chemotherapy with fluorouracil and cisplatin, surgical resection, and selective postoperative chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Between 1981 and 1986, 35 patients with potentially(More)
Airway obstruction may be caused by extreme mediastinal shift and rotation after right pneumonectomy or after left pneumonectomy in the presence of a right aortic arch. Eleven adults (aged 18 to 58 years) with severe symptoms were treated surgically between 5 months to 17 years after pneumonectomy (7 right, 4 left). An initial patient with only one(More)
Benign acquired tracheoesophageal fistula is uncommon. Erosin of the membranous wall of the trachea and the anterior esophageal wall by the high-pressure cuff on a tracheostomy tube, often against the anvil of a nasogastric tube, may produce such fistulas. Techniques for closure have included patching the tracheal defect with muscle and, often, multiple(More)