Hermelinda Salgado-Ceballos

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After spinal cord injury axonal regeneration is poor, but may be enhanced by the implantation of olfactory ensheathing glia (OEG). Enteric glia (EG) share many properties of OEG. Transected dorsal root axons normally do not regenerate through the central nervous system myelin into the spinal cord. We tested whether EG, like OEG, could promote regeneration(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) leads to an alteration of energetic metabolism. As a consequence, glutamate, glutamine, aspartate and other important amino acids are altered after damage, leading to important disregulation of the neurochemical pathways. In the present study, we characterized the acute-phase changes in tissue concentration of amino acids involved(More)
The capability of the central nervous system to remyelinate axons after a lesion has been well documented, even though it had been described as an abortive and incomplete process. At present there are no long-term morphometric studies to assess the spinal cord (S.C.) remyelinative capability. With the purpose to understand this phenomenon better, the S.C.(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a world-wide health problem. After traumatic injury, spinal cord tissue starts a series of self-destructive mechanisms, known as the secondary lesion. The leading mechanisms of damage after SCI are excitotoxicity, free radicals' overproduction, inflammation and apoptosis. Metallothionein (MT) and reduced glutathione (GSH) are(More)
After spinal cord injury (SCI), a complex cascade of pathophysiological processes rapidly damages the nervous tissue. The initial damage spreads to the surrounding tissue by different mechanisms, including oxidative stress. We have recently reported that the induction of metallothionein (MT) protein is an endogenous rapid-response mechanism after SCI. Since(More)
BACKGROUND Solid plastic replicas of anatomical structures obtained by stereolithography from computed tomographic images and magnetic resonance imaging are being used as complementary tools for diagnostic purposes and therapy planning for diverse pathologies. CASE DESCRIPTIONS Case 1--The spine mold of a 62-year-old man with neurologic compromise(More)
Aging and neurodegenerative diseases share oxidative stress cell damage and depletion of endogenous antioxidants as mechanisms of injury, phenomena that are occurring at different rates in each process. Nevertheless, as the central nervous system (CNS) consists largely of lipids and has a poor catalase activity, a low amount of superoxide dismutase and is(More)
Although dapsone (4,4'-diaminodiphenylsulfone) has been described as a neuroprotective agent in occlusive focal ischemia in rats, its mechanism of action is still unknown. To explore this mechanism, oxidative, inflammatory and apoptotic processes were evaluated in the striatum of adult rats using a model of ischemia-reperfusion (I/R), either with or without(More)
Spinal cord (SC) contusion in rats yields an experimental model of SC trauma in humans. This model has often been criticized for its lack of reproducibility. Both histological observations and functional recovery cannot be reproduced consistently. The recent demonstration that homotopic fetal transplants in newborn and adult SC can improve locomotion,(More)
Vitamin C helps to prevent brain oxidative stress and participate in the synthesis of progesterone. It also possesses a progesterone-like effect and acts synergistically with progesterone on the brain. Progesterone and its metabolites, but also vitamin C have been associated with anticonvulsant effects. We evaluated the progesterone concentration 30min and(More)