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A group of 59 patients with stroke due to acute vertebrobasilar or carotid territory occlusion have been treated by local intra-arterial fibrinolysis (LIF). A high recanalisation rate was accomplished with either urokinase or recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (r-TPA). However, with either substance, even if a high dose was used, recanalisation was a(More)
BACKGROUND Carotid endarterectomy is effective in stroke prevention for patients with severe symptomatic carotid-artery stenosis, and carotid-artery stenting has been widely used as alternative treatment. Since equivalence or superiority has not been convincingly shown for either treatment, we aimed to compare the two. METHODS 1200 patients with(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and MR spectroscopy are noninvasive, quantitative tools for the preoperative assessment of gliomas with which the quantitative parameter fractional anisotropy (FA) and the concentration of neurometabolites N-acetylaspartate (NAA), choline (Cho), creatine (Cr) of the brain can be determined. Measurements(More)
We present a juvenile case of Alexander's disease with atypical focal magnetic resonance imaging-detected lesions and elevated levels of lactate in cerebrospinal fluid. The diagnosis was based on the neuropathological finding of a diffuse accumulation of Rosenthal fibers within the brain and the spinal cord. The diagnosis was confirmed by detection of a(More)
BACKGROUND The SPACE trial is a multinational, prospective, randomised study to test the hypothesis that carotid artery stenting is not inferior to carotid endarterectomy for treating patients with severe symptomatic carotid artery stenosis. We did not prove non-inferiority of carotid artery stenting compared with carotid endarterectomy for the 30-day(More)
BACKGROUND Results from randomised controlled trials have shown a higher short-term risk of stroke associated with carotid stenting than with carotid endarterectomy for the treatment of symptomatic carotid stenosis. However, these trials were underpowered for investigation of whether carotid artery stenting might be a safe alternative to endarterectomy in(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE A mismatch between diffusion- and perfusion-weighted MRI is thought to define tissue at risk of infarction. This concept is based on the assumption that diffusion slowing of and decreases in the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) serve as indicator of tissue proceeding to infarction. We tested this hypothesis. METHODS MRI(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to analyze angiographic and clinical results before and after additional endovascular therapy in patients with previously coiled but reopened cerebral aneurysms and to identify possible risk factors for retreatment of an aneurysm. MATERIALS AND METHODS Follow-up with selective digital subtraction(More)
Subcortical arteriosclerotic encephalopathy is a chronic vascular dementia with hydrocephalus characterized clinically by: (i) subacute focal neurological deficit; (ii) acute strokes; (iii) dementia; (iv) motor signs and pseudobulbar palsy; (v) hydrocephalus; (vi) persistent hypertension and systemic vascular disease; and (vii) a lengthy course. The(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE A novel plastic embedding approach was used to histologically evaluate inflammatory changes and scar formation over time and to better visualize the mesh attenuation within the aneurysm lumen of acutely ruptured aneurysms after treatment with GDCs. METHODS Autopsies were performed on six patients with acute subarachnoid hemorrhage(More)