Hermann Toplak

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BACKGROUND AND AIMS Recent publications have found that the CC genotype of the DNA variant -13910 T/C upstream of the LCT gene is associated with lactase non-persistence. We therefore compared the value of DNA testing for this variant (DNA test) with the lactose hydrogen breath test (H2 test), which is the clinical standard for the diagnosis of lactase(More)
The development of consensus guidelines for obesity is complex. It involves recommending both treatment interventions and interventions related to screening and prevention. With so many publications and claims, and with the awareness that success for the individual is short-lived, many find it difficult to know what action is appropriate in the management(More)
Inappropriate aldosterone and parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion is strongly linked with development and progression of cardiovascular (CV) disease. Accumulating evidence suggests a bidirectional interplay between parathyroid hormone and aldosterone. This interaction may lead to a disproportionally increased risk of CV damage, metabolic and bone diseases.(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), a rate of restenosis as high as 50% is observed after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). Frequently, this results in further revascularization procedures. Lifestyle intervention has been shown to slow the progression of CAD and to reduce cardiovascular events after myocardial(More)
The prevalence of obesity is increasing in both developed and developing countries, with rates reaching approximately 10-35% among adults in the Euro-American region. Obesity is associated with increased risks of cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, arthritis, and some type of cancers. Obesity significantly affects the quality of life and reduces the(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate over 108 weeks the effect of phentermine and topiramate extended release (PHEN/TPM ER) treatment on progression to type 2 diabetes and/or cardiometabolic disease in subjects with prediabetes and/or metabolic syndrome (MetS) at baseline. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Subanalysis of a phase 3, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind(More)
The present study was carried out to evaluate the effect of a low-dose intravenous supplementation of L-arginine on insulin-mediated vasodilatation and insulin sensitivity. The study was performed in healthy subjects (n = 7) and patients with obesity (n = 9) and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) (n = 9). Insulin-mediated vasodilatation was(More)
The possible role of endothelial dysfunction in early stages of uncomplicated diabetes mellitus was investigated in porcine aortic endothelial cells. Prolonged exposure to various D-glucose concentrations resulted in concentration-dependent amplification of agonist-induced Ca2+ mobilization, whereas L-glucose and D-mannitol failed to mimic the effect of(More)