Hermann Schägger

Learn More
A discontinuous sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) system for the separation of proteins in the range from 1 to 100 kDa is described. Tricine, used as the trailing ion, allows a resolution of small proteins at lower acrylamide concentrations than in glycine-SDS-PAGE systems. A superior resolution of proteins, especially in(More)
Blue native Electrophoresis is a "charge shift" method developed for isolation of native membrane protein complexes from biological membranes that also separates both acidic and basic water-soluble proteins at a fixed pH of 7.5. In combination with a second dimension sodium dodecylsulfate electrophoresis it provides an analytical method for the(More)
Around 30-40 years after the first isolation of the five complexes of oxidative phosphorylation from mammalian mitochondria, we present data that fundamentally change the paradigm of how the yeast and mammalian system of oxidative phosphorylation is organized. The complexes are not randomly distributed within the inner mitochondrial membrane, but assemble(More)
Blue native PAGE (BN-PAGE) can be used for one-step isolation of protein complexes from biological membranes and total cell and tissue homogenates. It can also be used to determine native protein masses and oligomeric states and to identify physiological protein-protein interactions. Native complexes are recovered from gels by electroelution or diffusion(More)
A discontinuous electrophoretic system for the isolation of membrane proteins from acrylamide gels has been developed using equipment for sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). Coomassie dyes were introduced to induce a charge shift on the proteins and aminocaproic acid served to improve solubilization of membrane proteins.(More)
Clear native electrophoresis and blue native electrophoresis are microscale techniques for the isolation of membrane protein complexes. The Coomassie Blue G-250 dye, used in blue native electrophoresis, interferes with in-gel fluorescence detection and in-gel catalytic activity assays. This problem can be overcome by omitting the dye in clear native(More)
Toluene is anoxically degraded to CO2 by the denitrifying bacterium Thauera aromatica. The initial reaction in this pathway is the addition of fumarate to the methyl group of toluene, yielding benzylsuccinate as the first intermediate. We purified the enzyme catalysing this reaction, benzylsuccinate synthase (EC 4.1.99-), and studied its properties. The(More)
Tricine-SDS-PAGE is commonly used to separate proteins in the mass range 1-100 kDa. It is the preferred electrophoretic system for the resolution of proteins smaller than 30 kDa. The concentrations of acrylamide used in the gels are lower than in other electrophoretic systems. These lower concentrations facilitate electroblotting, which is particularly(More)
Using the technique of blue native gel electrophoresis, the oligomeric state of the yeast mitochondrial F1F0-ATP synthase was analysed. Solubilization of mitochondrial membranes with low detergent to protein ratios led to the identification of the dimeric state of the ATP synthase. Analysis of the subunit composition of the dimer, in comparison with the(More)
Apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) is a mitochondrial flavoprotein that, after apoptosis induction, translocates to the nucleus where it participates in apoptotic chromatinolysis. Here, we show that human or mouse cells lacking AIF as a result of homologous recombination or small interfering RNA exhibit high lactate production and enhanced dependency on(More)