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BACKGROUND & AIMS Fractionated plasma separation and adsorption (FPSA) is an extracorporeal procedure that supports liver function by removing endogenous toxins that cause complications from acute-on-chronic liver failure (AOCLF). We performed a randomized trial to investigate survival of patients with AOCLF treated with FPSA. METHODS Patients with AOCLF(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the correlation of plasma fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-23 and serum fetuin A levels with the coronary artery calcification score (CACS) in patients with normal kidney function. BACKGROUND Vascular calcification is an active process that may be aggravated by hyperphosphataemia and hypercalcaemia. FGF-23 and human fetuin-A have been(More)
Objective: To investigate whether the adenosine-antagonist theophylline reduces the incidence of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN). Design and setting: Prospective, comparison to series of patients at similar risk of CIN in a university hospital medical ICU. Patients: 78 ICU patients with at least one risk factor for CIN undergoing 150 consecutive contrast(More)
BACKGROUND Calciphylaxis is a life-threatening complication in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). No established therapy exists so far. The aim of the present study was to determine the therapeutic response to a multi-interventional treatment regimen with consistent use of sodium thiosulphate (STS) in an Austrian cohort of calciphylaxis patients.(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES To investigate whether haemodialysis prevents contrast-induced nephropathy (definition: increase of serum-creatinine of >or= 0.5 mg/dL within 7 days). MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty-one patients (mean serum-creatinine 4.01 +/- 1.83 mg/dL) were dialyzed for 4.36 +/- 1.0 hours within one hour after 278.4 +/- 160.5 mL of contrast(More)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has emerged as a useful tool for palliative treatment of the otherwise difficult to treat perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (CC). PDT is a minimally invasive and effective technique for local tumour ablation with rare and predictable side effects. A modest number of studies and randomised trials using porfimer (Photofrin) could(More)
PURPOSE To investigate whether the adenosine antagonist theophylline reduces the incidence of contrast material-induced nephropathy (serum creatinine level increase of at least 0.5 mg/dL [44.2 micromol/L] in 48 hours) in high-risk patients who have chronic renal insufficiency and have received at least 100 mL of contrast medium. MATERIALS AND METHODS One(More)
The nitric oxide (NO) signaling pathway is a major nonadrenergic-noncholinergic transmitter mechanism in the enteric nervous system. Our aim was to localize the enzymes in question, i.e., neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC), and cGMP-dependent kinase type I (cGK-I) in rat small intestine by indirect immunofluorescence.(More)
OBJECTIVE Weight gain and obesity are of substantial importance for the development of insulin-resistance and type-2 diabetes mellitus. Fetuin-A, a liver-derived glycoprotein, may also play a role in these alterations. Several studies have demonstrated an association between fetuin-A and body weight which, however, was within a fairly small range at the(More)
BACKGROUND Calciphylaxis is a rare, yet life-threatening disease mainly occurring in dialysis patients. Traditional options of treatment remain unsatisfactory. METHODS Here we present a novel, combined approach, treating calciphylaxis with IV sodium thiosulfate, cinacalcet and sevelamer. In a case series five hemodialysis patients, have been successfully(More)