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BACKGROUND Several preprocessing algorithms for Affymetrix gene expression microarrays have been developed, and their performance on spike-in data sets has been evaluated previously. However, a comprehensive comparison of preprocessing algorithms on samples taken under research conditions has not been performed. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We used(More)
BACKGROUND Human cancer cell lines grown in the presence of the cytotoxic agent mitoxantrone frequently develop resistance associated with a reduction in intracellular drug accumulation without increased expression of the known drug resistance transporters P-glycoprotein and multidrug resistance protein (also known as multidrug resistance-associated(More)
A newly established gastric carcinoma cell line (EPG85-257P) exhibited a high sensitivity to mitoxantrone (DHAD) as determined by a monolayer proliferation assay. The concentration to inhibit cell growth to 50% of controls (IC50) was 0.0022 micrograms/ml culture medium. The cells were continuously incubated for more than 4 months in the presence of stepwise(More)
Cancer patients with tumors of similar grading, staging and histogenesis can have markedly different treatment responses to different chemotherapy agents. So far, individual markers have failed to correctly predict resistance against anticancer agents. We tested 30 cancer cell lines for sensitivity to 5-fluorouracil, cisplatin, cyclophosphamide,(More)
Acquired resistance to antineoplastic agents is a frequent obstacle in tumor therapy. Malignant melanoma cells are particularly well known for their unresponsiveness to chemotherapy; only about 30% of tumors exhibit a transient clinical response to treatment. In our study, we investigated the molecular mechanism of acquired resistance of melanoma cells(More)
A major obstacle in treatment of ovarian cancer is intrinsic or acquired drug resistance causing failure of chemotherapy followed by a poor clinical outcome. Drug resistance of ovarian carcinoma can be caused by dysregulation of cellular factors involved in regulation of apoptosis and DNA repair pathways. In this study, 73 ovarian carcinoma specimens(More)
Determination of oestrogen receptor alpha (ER) represents at present the most important predictive factor in breast cancers. Data of ours and of other authors suggest that promising predictive/prognostic factors may also include pS2, metallothionein (MT) and CD24. Present study aimed at determining prognostic and predictive value of immunohistochemical(More)
  • Hermann Lage
  • International journal of antimicrobial agents
  • 2003
Resistance to chemotherapy is a common clinical problem in patients with infectious diseases as well as in patients with cancer. During treatment of infections or malignant tumors, the drug targets of prokaryotic or eukaryotic microorganisms and neoplastic cells are often found to be refractory to a variety of drugs that have different structures and(More)
A significant impediment to the success of cancer chemotherapy is multidrug resistance (MDR). A typical form of MDR is attributable to the overexpression of membrane transport proteins, such as P-glycoprotein, resulting in an increased drug efflux. In this study, we show that adenovirus-mediated enhancement of the c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) reduces the(More)
For reversal of MDR1 gene-dependent multidrug resistance (MDR), two small interfering RNA (siRNA) constructs were designed to inhibit MDR1 expression by RNA interference. SiRNA duplexes were used to treat human pancreatic carcinoma (EPP85-181RDB) and gastric carcinoma (EPG85-257RDB) cells. In both cellular systems, siRNAs could specifically inhibit MDR1(More)