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BACKGROUND Imaging with amyloid-β PET can potentially aid the early and accurate diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease. Florbetaben (¹⁸F) is a promising ¹⁸F-labelled amyloid-β-targeted PET tracer in clinical development. We aimed to assess the sensitivity and specificity of florbetaben (¹⁸F) PET in discriminating between patients with probable Alzheimer's(More)
The structural correlates of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) were examined in 105 elderly subjects whose cognitive function ranged from intact to demented, including 38 subjects with MCI. Hippocampal volumes (left and right HcV), brain volume (BV), and grey matter volume (GMV) and white matter volume (WMV) were segmented from high resolution magnetic(More)
White matter (WM) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) hyperintensities are common in Alzheimer’s disease (AD), but their pathophysiological relevance and relationship to genetic factors are unclear. In the present study, we investigated potential apolipoprotein E (APOE)-dependent effects on the extent and cognitive impact of WM hyperintensities in patients(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE New research criteria for subcortical vascular dementia (SVaD) have been suggested to define a more homogeneous subgroup of vascular dementia. Hippocampal (Hc) atrophy is a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD), but it also occurs in other dementia disorders including vascular dementias. So far, it is unknown to which extent Hc atrophy(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the relationship between parenchymal head volume (PHV) and intracranial volume (ICV), and to compare the ability of these two measurements to reflect the association between maximum mature brain volume and late-life cognition. METHODS An elderly sample of humans with a range of cognitive functions from normality, via mild cognitive(More)
PURPOSE To clarify whether changes in the cholinergic transmission occur early in the course of Alzheimer's disease (AD), we carried out positron emission tomography (PET) with the radioligand 2-[(18)F]F-A-85380, which is supposed to be specific for alpha4beta2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). METHOD We included patients with moderate to severe(More)
OBJECTIVE The possibility of brain volume reserve effects was examined in a sample of geriatric outpatients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), Alzheimer's disease (AD) and vascular dementia (VaD). The total intracranial volume (ICV) served as an estimate of the maximum attained brain volume in life. METHODS Subjects (n = 181, mean age 60.7) were(More)
PURPOSE Complementing clinical findings with those generated by biomarkers--such as β-amyloid-targeted positron emission tomography (PET) imaging--has been proposed as a means of increasing overall accuracy in the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Florbetaben ([(18)F]BAY 94-9172) is a novel β-amyloid PET tracer currently in global clinical development.(More)
BACKGROUND The German Dementia Competence Network (DCN) has established procedures for standardized multicenter acquisition of clinical, biological and imaging data, for centralized data management, and for the evaluation of new treatments. METHODS A longitudinal cohort study was set up for patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), patients with mild(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence has emerged indicating that the ε4 allele of APOE and PICALM interact in conferring risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The biologic basis of this interaction is unclear, but it is likely to have phenotypic relevance and contribute to the structural and clinical heterogeneity of AD. METHODS The aim of this study was to investigate(More)