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The sensitivity of MRI volumetric measures to detect cognitive dysfunction is examined in 39 participants of an epidemiological field study (age 75-85, MMSE 19-30). According to Clinical dementia rating (CDR), 17 subjects had normal cognition (CDR 0), 12 had questionable (CDR 0.5) and 10 mild dementia (CDR 1). Discriminant analysis based on four hippocampal(More)
BACKGROUND Imaging with amyloid-β PET can potentially aid the early and accurate diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease. Florbetaben (¹⁸F) is a promising ¹⁸F-labelled amyloid-β-targeted PET tracer in clinical development. We aimed to assess the sensitivity and specificity of florbetaben (¹⁸F) PET in discriminating between patients with probable Alzheimer's(More)
OBJECTIVE Our goal was to investigate whether patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) show deficits in haptic exploration tasks before and after weight gain. METHOD The haptic exploration tasks consisted of palpating the structure of six sunken reliefs in sequence with both hands, eyes closed. After each exploration, the structure was reproduced on a piece of(More)
A method is proposed for three-dimensional (3-D) texture analysis of magnetic resonance imaging brain datasets. It is based on extended, multisort co-occurrence matrices that employ intensity, gradient and anisotropy image features in a uniform way. Basic properties of matrices as well as their sensitivity and dependence on spatial image scaling are(More)
Previous studies have shown a reduction in corpus callosum area in advanced Alzheimer's disease, but it is unclear whether callosal atrophy is present in the transitional phase between health and the onset of dementia. The aim of this study was to investigate whether callosal atrophy is present in subjects with questionable and mild dementia and to assess(More)
Cognitive decline is known to be associated with both increased theta power over frontal regions and hippocampal atrophy. The aim of this study was to reveal the relation between these parameters in groups with mild dementia, mild cognitive impairment, and healthy control subjects. The authors examined a preliminary randomly selected sample of 39(More)
Several studies have reported a functional relationship between spectral power within the theta-band of the EEG (theta-power) and memory load while processing visual or semantic information. We investigated theta power during the processing of different complex haptic stimuli using a delayed recall design. The haptic explorations consisted of palpating the(More)
The structural correlates of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) were examined in 105 elderly subjects whose cognitive function ranged from intact to demented, including 38 subjects with MCI. Hippocampal volumes (left and right HcV), brain volume (BV), and grey matter volume (GMV) and white matter volume (WMV) were segmented from high resolution magnetic(More)
Neurons of the substantia nigra show severe morphological changes in Parkinson's disease. Pathological alterations of cell bodies have been described, whereas those of neuronal processes have hardly been investigated. Golgi impregnation has been the chosen method for demonstrating neuronal processes and dendritic and somatic spines. We therefore used the(More)
The formation of neurofibrillary tangles in Alzheimer's disease shows a preferential involvement of certain cytoarchitecturally defined cortical areas suggesting systematic differences in regional neuronal vulnerability. The cellular and molecular nature of this selective neuronal vulnerability that follows a certain hierarchy of structural brain(More)