Hermann J. Ziltener

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In T lymphocytes, sustained calcium (Ca2+) influx through Ca2+ channels localized in the plasma membrane is critical for T cell activation and proliferation. Previous studies indicated that voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels (VDCCs) play a role in Ca2+ mobilization during T lymphocyte activation. However, the role of VDCCs in otherwise nonexcitable cells is(More)
The substantial importance of P-selectin glycoprotein ligand 1 (PSGL-1) in leukocyte trafficking has continued to emerge beyond its initial identification as a selectin ligand. PSGL-1 seemed to be a relatively simple molecule with an extracellular mucin domain extended as a flexible rod, teleologically consistent with its primary role in tethering(More)
The molecular mechanisms that direct the migration of early T lymphocyte progenitors to the thymus are unknown. We show here that P-selectin is expressed by thymic endothelium and that lymphoid progenitors in bone marrow and thymus bind P-selectin. Parabiosis, competitive thymus reconstitution and short-term homing assays indicated that P-selectin and its(More)
We investigated a broad spectrum of immunoactive mediators in a mouse model of influenza. ICR mice (4-5 wk old) that were infected with a 10 LD50 dose of influenza A/PR8/34 virus died after 6 days without evidence of bacterial superinfection. Maximal virus titers were reached by day 2 postinfection, whereas the multifocal pneumonia with mononuclear cell(More)
Rodents infected with the nematode parasite Nippostrongylus brasiliensis (Nb) develop intestinal mastocytosis, eosinophilia, and elevated serum IgE levels. Although IL-4 and IL-5 are necessary for stimulation of IgE synthesis and eosinophilia, respectively, the cytokines that regulate gut mast cell hyperplasia have not been identified. To address this(More)
CD43 is a large sialylated glycoprotein found on the surface of haematopoietic cells and has been previously shown to be necessary for efficient macrophage binding and immunological responsiveness to Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Using capsular material from M. tuberculosis and recombinant CD43-Fc, we have employed affinity chromatography to show that Cpn60.2(More)
P-selectin glycoprotein ligand 1 (PSGL-1) is central to the trafficking of immune effector cells to areas of inflammation through direct interactions with P-selectin, E-selectin and L-selectin. Here we show that PSGL-1 was also required for efficient homing of resting T cells to secondary lymphoid organs but functioned independently of selectin binding.(More)
P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1), a heavily glycosylated sialomucin expressed on most leukocytes, has dual function as a selectin ligand for leukocyte rolling on vascular selectins expressed in inflammation and as a facilitator of resting T cell homing into lymphoid organs. In this article, we document disturbances in T cell homeostasis present in(More)
The plasma protein transcobalamin II (TCII) binds and delivers cobalamin (Cbl; vitamin B12) to all cells, which internalize the TCII/Cbl complex by receptor-mediated endocytosis. Congenital deficiency of TCII results in intracellular Cbl deficiency, one effect of which is to disrupt DNA synthesis, leading to megaloblastic anemia. We report here an in vitro(More)
We explored the role of macrophage (Mphi) CD43, a transmembrane glycoprotein, in the pathogenesis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Using gene-deleted mice (CD43-/-), we assessed the association of the bacterium with distinct populations of Mphi and found that CD43-/- Mphi bound less M. tuberculosis than CD43+/+ Mphi. Increased infective doses did not abrogate(More)