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Hypogammaglobulinemia is the hallmark of common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) syndrome, a heterogeneous disorder predisposing patients to recurrent bacterial infections. In this study, we investigated the peripheral B-cell compartment of 30 well-characterized CVID patients in comparison to 22 healthy controls. Flow cytometric analysis of peripheral blood(More)
In rheumatoid arthritis (RA) the proliferation of synovial lining cells appears to be one of the initial pathologic changes that contributes to the destruction of articular joints. To understand the pathomechanisms involved in these functional changes, we analyzed the transcriptional regulation of the zinc-finger gene 225 (Z-225/Egr-1), a transcription(More)
No genetic defect is known to cause common variable immunodeficiency (CVID), a heterogeneous human disorder leading to adult-onset panhypogammaglobulinemia. In a search for CVID candidate proteins, we found four of 32 patients to lack ICOS, the "inducible costimulator" on activated T cells, due to an inherited homozygous deletion in the ICOS gene. T cells(More)
The TNF family member protein BAFF/BLyS is essential for B cell survival and plays an important role in regulating class switch recombination as well as in the selection of autoreactive B cells. In humans, increased concentrations of soluble BAFF are found in different pathological conditions, which may be as diverse as autoimmune diseases, B cell(More)
B cells develop from hematopoietic precursor cells in an ordered maturation and selection process. Extensive studies with many different mouse mutants provided fundamental insights into this process. However, the characterization of genetic defects causing primary immunodeficiencies was essential in understanding human B-cell biology. Defects in pre-B-cell(More)
Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is characterized by a severe hypogammaglobulinemia. While the clinical picture is dominated by recurrent respiratory and gastrointestinal infections, a subgroup of up to 30% of the patients develops additional autoimmune phenomena, including thrombocytopenia and autoimmune hemolytic anemia. So far no classification(More)
BACKGROUND Recurrent bacterial and fungal infections, eczema, and increased serum IgE levels characterize patients with the hyper-IgE syndrome (HIES). Known genetic causes for HIES are mutations in signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and dedicator of cytokinesis 8 (DOCK8), which are involved in signal transduction pathways. However,(More)
Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is characterized by defective B cell maturation and antibody formation resulting in low serum antibody levels of most or all Ig isotypes. A specific subgroup of patients ("type A") has normal numbers of mature surface (s)IgM / sIgD- positive circulating B cells. However, since these lymphocytes do not respond to in(More)
In rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovial fibroblasts are activated by growth factors and cytokines to proliferate and to express matrix-degrading proteases and pro-inflammatory cytokines. This contributes to cartilage degradation and joint destruction. To analyse the parameters that lead to activation of synovial fibroblasts, we established a stable human(More)
Transmembrane (m) and soluble (s) forms of CD23 perform activities related to various immune functions. Abnormal expression patterns of CD23 on lymphoid cells have been associated with certain pathologic conditions. To explore the effects of CD23 when it is overexpressed, on lymphoid cell development and immune function in vivo, transgenic mice were(More)