Herman Niederhofer

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BACKGROUND Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is among the most common psychiatric disorders of childhood that persists into adulthood in the majority of cases. The evidence on persistence poses several difficulties for adult psychiatry considering the lack of expertise for diagnostic assessment, limited treatment options and patient facilities(More)
Mild cognitive impairment has frequently been reported for patients in the early stages of multiple sclerosis. The aim of the present study was to measure whether altered cortical activation during a sustained attention task occurs along with limited extent of neuropsychological problems. Expanded brain activation of multiple sclerosis patients with normal(More)
ADHD it is a syndrome characterized by the progressive development of excessive hyperactivity, impulsiveness and attentional difficulties. The purpose of our study is to verify the therapeutic effectiveness of repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (low frequency (1Hz, 1200 stim/die for five days)), applied on the impending scalp additional motor(More)
About 50% of alcoholic patients relapse within 3 months of treatment. Previous studies have suggested that disulfiram may help to prevent such relapse. The aim of our study was to assess the efficacy and safety of long-term disulfiram treatment in alcohol dependence of adolescents. In this double-blind, placebo-controlled study we recruited 26 adolescents,(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy and safety of long-term bupropion therapy for nicotine dependence in adolescents. DESIGN Prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. SETTING Outpatient clinic in Innsbruck, Austria. SUBJECTS Twenty-two adolescents, aged 16-19 years, with nicotine dependence. INTERVENTION Participants were randomly(More)
OBJECTIVE Several studies report a possible association of celiac disease (CD) with psychiatric and psychological disturbances, such as ADHD. METHOD The authors assess 132 participants from 3 to 57 years of age (M = 19.3 years) affected by CD for the possibility of an associated ADHD-like symptomatology, using the Conner Scale Hypescheme, a behavioral(More)
OBJECTIVE A possible association of celiac disease with psychiatric and psychological disturbances such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been reported repeatedly. The objective of this study was to observe whether a gluten-free diet could alleviate the behavioral symptoms in patients with celiac disease and ADHD. METHOD Sixty-seven(More)