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In the manual control of a dynamic system, the human controller (HC) often follows a visible and predictable reference path. Compared with a purely feedback control strategy, performance can be improved by making use of this knowledge of the reference. The operator could effectively introduce feedforward control in conjunction with a feedback path to(More)
In real-life manual control tasks, human controllers are often required to follow a visible and predictable reference signal, enabling them to use feedforward control actions in conjunction with feedback actions that compensate for errors. Little is known about human control behavior in these situations. This paper investigates how humans adapt their(More)
—The human in manual control of a dynamical system can use both feedback and feedforward control strategies and will select a strategy based on performance and required effort. Literature has shown that feedforward control is used during tracking tasks in response to predictable targets. The influence of an external disturbance signal on the utilization of(More)
Herman Damveld is since 1976 an independent researcher and publicist on energy and has written hundreds of articles and a number of books about nuclear energy and the storage of nuclear waste. Dirk Bannink is editor of the Nuclear Monitor since 1990. In 1979 founder of Laka Foundation, documentation and research center on nuclear energy. Published numerous(More)
Driver and pilot modelling has been successfully applied to unravel driver and pilot behaviour, and to design systems optimally matching driver and pilot capacities. Modelling has been applied in particular for continuous manual control tasks such as steering where drivers apply continuous steering actions to control vehicle heading and lateral position. In(More)
Real-life tracking tasks often show preview information to the human controller about the future track to follow. The effect of preview on manual control behavior is still relatively unknown. This paper proposes a generic operator model for preview tracking, empirically derived from experimental measurements. Conditions included pursuit tracking, i.e.,(More)