Herman Gordon

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Regulated trafficking of neurotransmitter receptors in excitable cells may play an important role in synaptic plasticity. In addition, agonist-induced endocytosis of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) in particular might be involved in nicotine tolerance and addiction. The existing evidence concerning regulated internalization of cell-surface nAChRs(More)
During development, the neuromuscular junction passes through a stage of extensive polyinnervation followed by a period of wholesale synapse elimination. In this report we discuss mechanisms and interactions that could mediate many of the key aspects of these important developmental events. Our emphasis is on (1) establishing an overall conceptual framework(More)
Proteoglycans have been implicated in the clustering of acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) on cultured myotubes and at the neuromuscular junction. We report that the presence of chondroitin sulfate is associated with the ability of cultured myotubes to form spontaneous clusters of AChRs. Three experimental manipulations of wild type C2 cells in culture were(More)
In neonatal rabbit soleus muscle, different motor units were found to contract with widely varying time courses. Analysis of these data suggest that individual motor units are largely homogeneous for muscle fiber type despite the presence of extensive polyinnervation at birth. We suggest that (1) neonatal motor neurons are effectively differentiated into(More)
Several lines of evidence have suggested roles for proteoglycans (PGs) in acetylcholine receptor (AChR) clustering on muscle cells. One line of evidence comes from the correlation between a defect in the biosynthesis of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), the defining carbohydrates of PGs, and the failure of spontaneous AChR clustering in the S27 cell line, a(More)
To investigate the role of acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) in the aggregation of postsynaptic molecules on muscle cells, we utilized the 1R- genetic variant of C2 muscle cells which has very little expression of AChRs in its cell membrane. On C2 myotubes, AChRs cluster spontaneously, with the frequency of clustering greatly enhanced by motor neuron-derived(More)
Cultured myotubes form clusters of acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) spontaneously and at sites of nerve-muscle contact. To investigate the cellular mechanisms by which spontaneous clusters are formed, we have made hybrid myotubes between a mouse muscle cell variant, S27, that does not cluster AChRs, and one that does not make AChRs. We have also made hybrid(More)
The neural factor agrin induces the aggregation of acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) and other synaptic molecules on cultured myotubes. This aggregating activity can be mimicked by experimental manipulations that include treatment with neuraminidase or elevated calcium. We report evidence that neuraminidase and calcium act through the agrin signal(More)
Acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) and other postsynaptic molecules cluster spontaneously on cultured C2 myotubes. The frequency of clustering is enhanced by neural agrin, neuraminidase, or calcium through a signaling pathway which includes tyrosine phosphorylation of a muscle-specific kinase (MuSK) and the AChR beta-subunit. Vicia villosa agglutinin (VVA)(More)
We have examined recent claims that neuromuscular synapse elimination occurs preferentially among motoneurones from the more rostral of the two spinal roots contributing to the soleus muscle of the rat. The number of synapses made by individual motoneurones contributing to the soleus muscles of the rabbit and rat were estimated at different stages of(More)