Herman F.M. Busch

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Three patients from a large consanguineous family, and one unrelated patient had exercise intolerance since early childhood and improved by supplementation with a high dosage of riboflavin. This was confirmed by higher endurance power in exercise testing. Riboflavin had been given because complex I, which contains riboflavin in FMN, one of its prosthetic(More)
Daytime sleepiness is common in myotonic dystrophy and might be attributed to disturbed nocturnal breathing. Seventeen out of 22 patients complained of excessive daytime sleepiness, resembling "idiopathic hypersomnolence". Sleep apnoea might have contributed to daytime sleepiness in only three of 17 patients. Treatment with the central stimulant(More)
We treated 17 patients with chronic inflammatory polyneuropathy (CIP) with infusions of fresh-frozen plasma (FFP). Thirteen patients had a beneficial response: 12 improved considerably and one moderately. The first signs of improvement were seen within 8 days of the onset of treatment. None of these patients had had spontaneous remissions for 2 months prior(More)
Sixty-five members of three families with limb girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD) underwent neurological, cardiological, and ancillary investigations. Thirty-five individuals were diagnosed as having slowly progressive autosomal dominant LGMD. Symmetrical weakness started in the proximal lower limb muscles, and gradually upper limb muscles also became(More)
Brody disease is a rare inherited disorder of skeletal muscle function. Symptoms include exercise-induced impairment of skeletal muscle relaxation, stiffness and cramps. Ca2+ uptake and Ca2+ ATPase activities are reduced in the sarcoplasmic reticulum, leading to the prediction that Brody disease results from defects in the ATP2A1 gene on chromosome(More)
A cross-sectional study was performed in the Netherlands to define the clinical characteristics of the various subtypes within the broad and heterogeneous entity of limb girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD). An attempt was made to include all known cases of LGMD in the Netherlands. Out of the reported 200 patients, 105 who fulfilled strictly defined criteria(More)
Patients with a clinical diagnosis of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) were randomised in a double-blind, placebo-controlled multicentre trial to investigate whether high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin treatment (IVIg) for 5 consecutive days has a beneficial effect. Fifteen patients were randomised to IVIg and 13 to placebo. In the(More)
An 11-year-old gril with exercise intolerance, fatiguability from early childhood, had high blood lactate levels. Histochemistry showed increased activity of succinate dehydrogenase at the periphery of the muscle fibres, whereas aggregates of mitochondria were seen by electron microscopy. Biochemical investigation of isolated mitochondria and homogenate(More)
The fuel preference of human muscle mitochondria has been given. Substrates which are oxidized with low velocity cannot be used to detect defects in oxidative phosphorylation. After general anaesthesia, the oxygen uptake with the different substrates is much lower than after local analgesia. The latter was therefore used in the subsequent study. In 15 out(More)
Screening the mitochondrial DNA of a 64-year-old woman with mitochondrial myopathy revealed 76% of the tRNA(Leu(UUR)) A3302G mutation in muscle. Muscle of her affected son carried 96% mutated mitochondrial DNA. Both patients were biopsied twice, showing isolated complex I deficiency in the son's first biopsy, additional increased (within normal range)(More)