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Iatrogenic injury to the spinal accessory nerve has been widely documented and can have medico-legal implications. The resulting syndrome of pain, paralysis and winging of the scapula are often the source of considerable morbidity. This paper researches the degree of accuracy achievable in mapping the surface anatomy of the spinal accessory nerve in the(More)
Subacute and chronic oral toxicities of trinotroglycerin (TNG) were studied in beagle dogs, CD rats, and CD-1 mice. No adverse effects were seen in dogs given up to 1 mg/kd/day of TNG for 4 weeks, then 5 mg/kg/day for 9 more weeks. Dogs given 25 to 200 mg/kg/day for 5 days had transient and dose-related severe methemoglobinemia, while 200 mg/kg/day produced(More)
Two hundred and fifty five patients were treated surgically for adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum on the Surgical Unit at Westminster Hospital in the years 1962-78. After 13 patients had been excluded on the grounds of inadequate data, 57 of the remaining 242 had tumours which, at laparotomy, were firmly adherent to neighbouring organs or the abdominal(More)
OBJECTIVES The rate of motor vehicle crashes in the United States is higher among adolescent drivers than among any other age group. This study was conducted to determine whether implementation of a graduated driver's licensing program is associated with a reduced the rate of motor vehicle crashes and injuries involving adolescent driver. METHODS Time(More)