Herman C. H. Schoenmakers

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This paper describes the analysis of the elimination of potato DNA from potato-tomato somatic cell hybrids. The hybrids were obtained by fusion of protoplasts of a cytoplasmic albino tomato genotype with leaf mesophyll protoplasts of a potato genotype carrying the β-glucuronidase (GUS) gene of Escherichia coli. The potato protoplasts were either isolated(More)
Chromosome numbers were determined in metaphase complements of root-tip meristems of 107 tomato (+) potato somatic hybrids, obtained from five different combinations of parental genotypes. Of these hybrids 79% were aneuploid, lacking one or two chromosomes in most cases. All four hybrids that were studied at mitotic anaphase of root tips showed laggards and(More)
We analyzed 110 asymmetric fusion products, obtained by fusion of hygromycin-resistant tomato protoplasts and gamma-irradiated kanamycin-resistant potato protoplasts that expressed β-glucuronidase (GUS). The fusion products were selected for resistance to both antibiotics, and were subsequently analyzed for their shoot regeneration potential, GUS activity,(More)
This paper describes the aggregation of nuclei in heterokaryons of tomato and unirradiated or irradiated potato protoplasts and the effects of gamma irradiation of potato and tomato protoplasts on single- and double-stranded DNA fragmentation, DNA repair and DNA synthesis as revealed by alkaline and pulsed field gel electrophoresis and an immunocytochemical(More)
The effect of the tissue culture system, the genotype and the ploidy level of the plant material used as explant source on the stability of the ploidy level of plants regenerated fromcell and tissue cultures of tomato was investigated. In addition the use of the chloroplast number in guard cells as a measure for ploidy level was evaluated. Haploids of(More)
Five nitrate reductase-deficient mutants of tomato were isolated from an M2 population after ethyl-methanesulphonate (EMS) seed treatment by means of selection for chlorate resistance. All mutations were monogenic and recessive and complementation analysis revealed that they were non-allelic. Biochemical and molecular characterization of these mutants(More)
The chloroplast (cp) DNA type and mitochondrial (mt) DNA composition of 17 somatic hybrids between a cytoplasmic albino tomato and monoploid potato (A7-hybrids) and 18 somatic hybrids between a nitrate reductase-deficient tomato and monoploid potato (C7-hybrids) were analyzed. Thirteen A7-hybrids and 9 C7-hybrids were triploids (with one potato genome); the(More)
Protoplast fusion can be used to produce somatic hybrids of species that cannot be obtained by sexual hybridization. The possibility to introgress genes from Solanum species into the cultivated tomato species Lycopersicon esculentum, and to obtain novel cytoplasm-nucleus combinations (cybrids) was considered as an important strategy to extend the genetic(More)
Allotriploid somatic hybrids were obtained from fusions between protoplasts of diploid tomato and monohaploid potato. The selection of fusion products was carried out in two different ways: (1) The fusion of nitrate reductase-deficient tomato with potato gave rise only to hybrid calli if selection was performed on media lacking ammonium. Parental microcalli(More)
Protoplasts of two ‘leaky’ nitrate reductase deficient and thus nitrate auxotrophic (NAR) mutants of tomato and their wild types, were fused with protoplasts of monoploid potato. In all four combinations hybrid calli grew more vigorously than parental calli and this somatic hybrid vigour as such provided a useful enrichment for somatic hybrids. Selection(More)