Herbert Wank

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One of the most important families of antibiotics are the aminoglycosides, including drugs such as neomycin B, paromomycin, gentamicin and streptomycin. With the discovery of the catalytic potential of RNA, these antibiotics became very popular due to their RNA-binding capacity. They serve for the analysis of RNA function as well as for the study of RNA as(More)
The tuberactinomycins are a group of cyclic peptide antibiotics, which are potent inhibitors of prokaryotic protein synthesis. We report the inhibitory effect of viomycin, di-beta-lysyl-capreomycin IIA and tuberactinomycin A on group I intron self-splicing. They compete with the guanosine cofactor for the G-binding site located in the conserved core of the(More)
BACKGROUND The peptide antibiotic viomycin inhibits ribosomal protein synthesis, group I intron self-splicing and self-cleavage of the human hepatitis delta virus ribozyme. To understand the molecular basis of RNA binding and recognition by viomycin, we isolated a variety of novel viomycin-binding RNA molecules using in vitro selection. RESULTS More than(More)
It has been proposed that organic molecules related to known secondary metabolites have existed since the beginning of biochemical evolution and were present in primordial soups. Under primitive earth conditions certain of these molecules may have played roles as effectors in prebiotic reactions, especially those involving catalytic RNA (ribozymes). We(More)
Viomycin is an RNA-binding peptide antibiotic which inhibits prokaryotic protein synthesis and group I intron self-splicing. This antibiotic enhances the activity of the ribozyme derived from the Neurospora crassa VS RNA, and at sub-inhibitory concentrations it induces the formation of group I intron oligomers. Here, we address the question whether viomycin(More)
Group II introns are autocatalytic RNAs which self-splice in vitro. However, in vivo additional protein factors might be involved in the splicing process. We used an affinity chromatography method called 'StreptoTag' to identify group II intron binding proteins from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This method uses a hybrid RNA consisting of a streptomycin-binding(More)
Antibiotics act as inhibitors of various biological processes. Here we demonstrate that some tuberactinomycins, hitherto known as inhibitors of prokaryotic protein synthesis and of group I intron self-splicing, have a modulatory effect on group I intron RNAs. The linear intron, which is excised during the self-splicing process, is still an active molecular(More)
O1 Two cell‐membrane peptidases carrying galactose‐alpha‐1,3‐galactose are implicated in delayed anaphylactic reactions upon pork kidney ingestion in patients with IgE‐antibodies to alpha‐Gal Christiane Hilger, Kyra Swiontek, Jörg Fischer, François Hentges, Chris‐ tiane Lehners, Martine Morisset, Bernadette Eberlein, Tilo Biedermann, Markus Ollert(More)
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