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—We report on the characterization, active tuning, and modeling of the first mode resonance frequency of dielectric electroactive polymer (DEAP) membranes. Unlike other resonance frequency tuning techniques, the tuning procedure presented here requires no external actuators or variable elements. Compliant electrodes were sputtered or implanted on both sides(More)
We report on the first ion-implanted dielectric electroactive polymer actuator that was successfully microfabricated and tested. Ion implantation is used to make the surface of the polymer locally conducting. Implanting the compliant electrodes solves the problem of how to microfabricate patterned electrodes having elasticity close to that of the insulating(More)
We report on the fabrication and characterization of 2x2 arrays of mm-diameter PDMS lenses whose focal length can be electrically tuned. Dielectric elastomer actuators generally rely on carbon powder or carbon grease electrodes, which are not transparent, precluding the polymer actuator from also being a lens. However compliant electrodes fabricated by(More)
This contribution demonstrates the fabrication process of dielectric elastomer transducers (DETs). DETs are stretchable capacitors consisting of an elastomeric dielectric membrane sandwiched between two compliant electrodes. The large actuation strains of these transducers when used as actuators (over 300% area strain) and their soft and compliant nature(More)
Highly ionic beams of several hundred μA per cm 2 have been measured from porous glass ionic liquid electrospray sources fabricated using a conventional mill. The thrust output from three prototype devices, two emitting the ionic liquid EMI-Im and one emitting EMI-BF 4, was measured directly using a precise balance. Thrusts up to 50 μN were measured when(More)
The application of electrical fields within a microfluidic channel enables many forms of manipulation necessary for lab-on-a-chip devices. Patterning electrodes inside the microfluidic channel generally requires multi-step optical lithography. Here, we utilize an ion-implantation process to pattern 3D electrodes within a fluidic channel made of(More)
or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited. ABSTRACT We present a dielectric elastomer actuator (DEA) for in vitro analysis of mm 2 biological samples under periodic(More)
Nomenclature c k = speed of species k, m∕s f = fraction of solvated ions that fragment I = normalized collected current I b = total thruster beam current, A I sp = specific impulse, s K k = kinetic energy of species k, J L = time-of-flight distance _ m = calculated mass flow rate, kg∕s m k = mass of species k, kg q = ion electric charge, C T = calculated(More)
Dielectric elastomer transducers consist of thin electrically insulating elastomeric membranes coated on both sides with compliant electrodes. They are a promising electromechanically active polymer technology that may be used for actuators, strain sensors, and electrical generators that harvest mechanical energy. The rapid development of this field calls(More)