Herbert Schneider

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Stroke and head trauma are worldwide public health problems and leading causes of death and disability in humans, yet, no adequate neuroprotective treatment is available for therapy. Glutamate antagonists are considered major drug candidates for neuroprotection in stroke and trauma. However, N-methyl-D-aspartate antagonists failed clinical trials because of(More)
Abecarnil (isopropyl 6-benzyloxy-4-methoxymethyl-beta-carboline-3-carboxylate) is a novel ligand for central benzodiazepine (BZ) receptors, possessing anxiolytic and anticonvulsant properties, but with considerably reduced muscle relaxant effects in comparison to diazepam (DZP). In vitro, abecarnil inhibited the binding of the BZ [3H]lormetazepam to rat(More)
The characteristics for the binding of the selective cAMP phosphodiesterase inhibitor and antidepressant agent rolipram to brain and peripheral organs were investigated. (+/-)-[3H]Rolipram equilibrium binding and Scatchard analysis revealed saturable, reversible, stereospecific, Mg2+-dependent and heat-sensitive binding with an apparent Hill number of 1.(More)
This study compared the effects of the β-carboline anxiolytic, abecarnil, with other benzodiazepine receptor (BZR) ligands, including the full agonists diazepam and alprazolam, and the partial agonists ZK 95962 and bretazenil (Ro 16-6028), and alpidem, in the mouse four-plate test and plus-maze. The efficacy and potency of each compound was related to the(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurological disorder involving the selective degeneration of motor neurons. In a small proportion of patients, ALS is caused by mutations in copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1), and mice overexpressing SOD1(G93A) mutant develop a syndrome that closely resembles the human disease. Excitotoxicity mediated by(More)
Several beta-carbolines and other benzodiazepines (BZ) receptor ligands have been investigated for anxiolytic or anxiogenic action in 4 unrelated animal models of anxiety using rats. The substances could be grouped into essentially 2 groups. The first, anxiolytics, exhibited antipunishment activity in a lick-suppression test, antagonised the discriminative(More)
Abecarnil (isopropyl-6-benzyloxy-4-methoxymethyl-beta-carboline-3-carboxylate) is a metabolically stable anxiolytic and anticonvulsant beta-carboline derivative with few sedative and muscle relaxant effects in rodents. Abecamil binds with high affinity to benzodiazepine receptors. Because long-term treatment with benzodiazepines leads to development of(More)
Abecarnil (ZK 112119; isopropyl-6-benzyloxy-4-methoxymethyl-beta-carboxylate) is a metabolically stable beta-carboline derivative with potent anxiolytic and few sedative and ataxic effects in rodents. The anticonvulsant and muscle relaxant actions of abecarnil have been evaluated in mice, rats, gerbils and baboons. Abecarnil raised the threshold for tonic(More)
Abrupt termination of the treatment of humans with benzodiazepines (BDZs) leads to a rapid onset of discontinuation syndrome characterized by anxiety, muscle spasms, and occasionally convulsions. For this reason, it is recommended in clinical practice to reduce the dose of the BDZs gradually at the end of treatment. Nevertheless, many clinicians report(More)