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Can individual cells, including live cells, be imaged using hard x rays? Common wisdom until now required sophisticated staining techniques for this task. We show instead that individual cells and cell details can be detected in culture solution and tissues with no staining and no other contrast-enhancing preparation. The sample examined can be much thicker(More)
The first electromagnetic metamaterials (EM3) produced by microfabrication are reported. They are based on the rod-split-ring-resonator design as proposed by Pendry et al. [IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 2075 (1999)] and experimentally confirmed by Smith et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184 (2000)] in the GHz frequency range. Numerical simulation and(More)
We experimentally demonstrated an alternative approach of invisibility cloaking that can combine technical advantages of all current major cloaking strategies in a unified manner and thus can solve bottlenecks of individual strategies. A broadband cylindrical invisibility cloak in free space is designed based on scattering cancellation (the approach of(More)
The experimental characterization of the coherence properties of hard X-ray sources is reported and discussed. The source is described by its Mutual Optical Intensity (MOI). The coherent-mode decomposition is applied to the MOI described by a Gaussian-Schell model. The method allows for a direct, quantitative characterization of the degree of coherence of(More)
Using micromanufactured S-shaped gold strings suspended in free space by means of window-frames, we experimentally demonstrate an electromagnetic meta-material (EM(3)) in which the metallic structures are no longer embedded in matrices or deposited on substrates such that the response is solely determined by the geometrical parameters and the properties of(More)
Modern metamaterials face functional constraints as they are commonly embedded in or deposited on dielectric materials. We provide a new solution by microfabricating a completely free-standing all-metal self-supported metamaterial. Using upright S-string architecture with the distinctive feature of metallic transverse interconnects, we form a locally stiff,(More)
Fourier transform-infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy has gained considerable attention among the forensic scientists because it shows high sensitivity and selectivity and offers near real time detection of analyzed samples. However, the amount of obtained information due to complexity of the measured spectra forces the use of additional data processing.(More)
A new X-ray absorption fine-structure (XAFS) spectroscopy beamline for fundamental and applied catalysis research, called XAFCA, has been built by the Institute of Chemical and Engineering Sciences, and the Singapore Synchrotron Light Source. XAFCA covers the photon energy range from 1.2 to 12.8 keV, making use of two sets of monochromator crystals, an Si(More)
The present work characterizes the formation of free radicals in an implantable human acellular dermal tissue (Alloderm, LifeCell Corp., Branchburg, NJ) upon irradiation. The tissue was preserved in a vitreous carbohydrate matrix by freeze-drying. Freeze-dried samples were irradiated using a synchrotron light source, and free radicals generated were(More)
We propose the concept of a meta-substrate to broaden the bandwidth of left-handed metamaterials. The meta-substrate, which behaves like an inhomogeneous magnetic substrate, is composed of another kind of magnetic metamaterials like metallic closed rings. When conventional metamaterial rings are printed on this kind of meta-substrate in a proper way, the(More)