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Microelectrodes were used to record the effects of glucose on the membrane potential of single mouse B cells. In most cells, the slow waves of depolarization and the intervals of repolarization produced by a constant concentration of glucose displayed a great regularity. However, cyclic variations in the duration of these slow waves and/or intervals were(More)
Anti-oxidant treatment has been shown to prevent nerve dysfunction in experimental diabetes mellitus, thus providing a rationale of potential therapeutic value for diabetic patients. The effects of the anti-oxidant alpha-lipoic acid (thioctic acid) were studied in a 3-week multicentre, randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial (Alpha-Lipoic Acid in(More)
AIMS To evaluate the efficacy and safety of short-term oral treatment with the antioxidant thioctic acid (TA) on neuropathic symptoms and deficits in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus with symptomatic polyneuropathy. METHODS Patients were randomly assigned to oral treatment with 600 mg of TA t.i.d. (n = 12) or placebo (n = 12) for 3 weeks.(More)
The effect of a "square wave" stimulation with glucose or glibenclamide on the electrical activity of beta-cells has been studied with microelectrode techniques in isolated perifused mouse islets. While glucose evoked a burst activity with periodic oscillations of the membrane potential between two levels, glibenclamide produced a constant depolarization(More)
BACKGROUND Fatigue is one of the most common, yet poorly defined, disabling symptoms in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Several fatigue scales have been developed, but rigorous psychometric methods have not always been applied and validation was mainly based on small numbers of patients. We therefore assembled a new fatigue scale from a set of widely(More)
The membrane potential of beta-cells was studied with microelectrodes in mouse islets and their potassium permeability was evaluated by measuring 86Rb+ fluxes in rat islets. In the absence of glucose, L-leucine, its metabolite ketoisocaproate, and its nonmetabolized analogue 2-aminonorbornane-2-carboxylic acid (BCH) depolarized beta-cells and triggered(More)
The endothelial receptors that control leukocyte transmigration in the postischemic liver are not identified. We investigated the role of junctional adhesion molecule-A (JAM-A), a receptor expressed in endothelial tight junctions, leukocytes, and platelets, for leukocyte transmigration during hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) in vivo. We show that JAM-A is(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the potential of postischemic intravenous infusion of the endogenous antioxidant glutathione (GSH) to protect the liver from reperfusion injury following prolonged warm ischemia. BACKGROUND DATA The release of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by activated Kupffer cells (KC) and leukocytes causes reperfusion injury of the liver after(More)