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1. Outward currents were studied in myocytes isolated from human atrial and subepicardial ventricular myocardium using the whole-cell voltage clamp technique at 22 degrees C. The Na+ current was inactivated with prepulses to -40 mV and the Ca2+ current was eliminated by both reducing extracellular [Ca2+] to 0.5 mM and addition of 100 microM CdCl2 to the(More)
1. The cardiotonic agent BDF 9148 (4-[3'-(1''-benzhydryl-azetidine-3''-oxy)-2'-hydroxypropoxy]-1H-indole- 2-carbonitrile) is structurally related to DPI 201-106 (4-[3'-(4''-benzhydryl-1''-piperazinyl) -2'-hydroxypropoxy]-1H-indole-2-carbonitrile) which is known to modify cardiac sodium channels. In guinea-pig papillary muscles, both compounds increase force(More)
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (SPP) and sphingosylphosphorylcholine (SPPC) have been reported to activate muscarinic receptor-activated inward rectifier K(+) current (I(K.ACh)) in cultured guinea pig atrial myocytes with similar nanomolar potency. Members of the endothelial differentiation gene (Edg) receptor family were recently identified as receptors for SPP;(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical and experimental evidence suggest that the parasympathetic nervous system is involved in the pathogenesis of atrial fibrillation (AF). However, it is unclear whether changes in G-protein-coupled inward rectifying K(+) current (I(K,ACh)) contribute to chronic AF. METHODS AND RESULTS In the present study, we used electrophysiological(More)
Vascular endothelium appears to be a unique organ. It not only responds to numerous hormonal and chemical signals but also senses changes in physical parameters such as shear stress, producing mediators that modulate the responses of numerous cells, including vascular smooth muscle, platelets, and leukocytes. In many cases, the initial response of(More)
Compared to the lysophospholipid mediators, sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) and lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), little information is available regarding the molecular mechanisms of action, metabolism and physiological significance of the related sphingosylphosphorylcholine (SPC). S1P and LPA have recently been established as agonists at several(More)
The effects of the new class III antiarrhythmic agent E-4031 were investigated in different guinea pig cardiac preparations. In left atria, E-4031 (10(-8)-10(-5) M) prolonged the functional refractory period up to 45% and reduced the frequency of spontaneously beating right atria by 32%. In papillary muscles, E-4031 (3 x 10(-8)-3 x 10(-7) M) reversibly(More)
OBJECTIVES The reported increase in basal activity of hearts from transgenic mice (TG4) overexpressing the human beta 2-adrenoceptor (beta 2-AR) was explained by spontaneously active beta 2-ARs that stimulate the beta-adrenergic cascade in the absence of an agonist. In order to examine altered myocardial function on a cellular level, we have investigated(More)
In rat ventricle, two Ca(2+)-insensitive components of K(+) current have been distinguished kinetically and pharmacologically, the transient, 4-aminopyridine (4-AP)-sensitive I(to) and the sustained, tetraethylammonium (TEA)-sensitive I(K). However, a much greater diversity of depolarization-activated K(+) channels has been reported on the level of mRNA and(More)
1. Tedisamil is a new antiarrhythmic drug with predominant class III action. The aim of the present study was to investigate the blocking pattern of the compound on the transient outward current (I(to)) in human subepicardial myocytes isolated from explanted left ventricles. Using the single electrode whole cell voltage clamp technique, I(to) was analysed(More)