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Using data from Pakistan, India, Malaysia, Thailand, and the Philippines, we explore how gender context influences (1) husband-wife concordance in the demand for children and (2) the impact of each spouse's fertility preferences on contraceptive use. We also explore whether the husband's pronatalism can explain the wife's unmet need for contraception. The(More)
CONTEXT Better hospital nurse staffing, more educated nurses, and improved nurse work environments have been shown to be associated with lower hospital mortality. Little is known about whether and under what conditions each type of investment works better to improve outcomes. OBJECTIVE To determine the conditions under which the impact of hospital nurse(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether hospitals with a good organisation of care (such as improved nurse staffing and work environments) can affect patient care and nurse workforce stability in European countries. DESIGN Cross sectional surveys of patients and nurses. SETTING Nurses were surveyed in general acute care hospitals (488 in 12 European countries;(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether nurse staffing in California hospitals, where state-mandated minimum nurse-to-patient ratios are in effect, differs from two states without legislation and whether those differences are associated with nurse and patient outcomes. DATA SOURCES Primary survey data from 22,336 hospital staff nurses in California, Pennsylvania,(More)
The objective of this study is to investigate whether hospitals known to be good places to practice nursing have lower Medicare mortality than hospitals that are otherwise similar with respect to a variety of non-nursing organizational characteristics. Research to date on determinants of hospital mortality has not focused on the organization of nursing. We(More)
BACKGROUND Although there is evidence that hospitals recognized for nursing excellence--Magnet hospitals--are successful in attracting and retaining nurses, it is uncertain whether Magnet recognition is associated with better patient outcomes than non-Magnets, and if so why. OBJECTIVES To determine whether Magnet hospitals have lower risk-adjusted(More)
  • H L Smith
  • 1993
Population surveys concerning 'risk behaviours' thought to be related to the AIDS epidemic are many. Nevertheless, unfocused inquiry into diffuse behaviours in undifferentiated populations is not productive in low-seroprevalence populations, especially when the point is to design some form of intervention that might actually avert further infection. This(More)
A retrospective survey conducted in four counties in North China in 1991-92 shows that the probability of aborting a pregnancy is strongly related to parity. No induced abortions are found prior to the first live birth, and almost universal abortion is shown after the second. Women had a high risk of undergoing abortion after their first live birth because(More)
Has China's strict one-child policy been successful in changing fertility preferences? Using linked data from surveys conducted in four counties of northern China in 1991 and 1994, we compare reproductive behavior against prior fertility preferences and show when and where women change from wanting to not wanting more children. The acceptance of(More)
To assess the independent prognostic role of functional status, as reflected by a measure of an inpatient's global requirement for nursing assistance with basic activities of daily living (Global ADL), we compared Global ADL with three validated AIDS mortality predictors: the Clinical AIDS Prognostic Staging (CAPS); the Severity Classification System for(More)