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A murine model was used to evaluate the virulence of Sporothrix schenckii conidia cultured for 4, 7, 10 or 12 days in Sabouraud's dextrose broth (SDB). A correlation was observed between length of culture and virulence. Mice infected intravenously with S. schenckii conidia cultured for 4 or 7 days showed 40-100% cumulative mortality. In contrast, mice(More)
Mouse mesenteric lymph node cells were incubated with concanavalin A (Con A) with or without the rat form of calcitonin gene-related peptide (rCGRP) (0.1 fM-1 microM) +/- human (h)CGRP8-37 (1 microM) for 48 h. DNA synthesis was assessed by [3H]thymidine incorporation. Con A-stimulated DNA synthesis was suppressed by 13, 20, and 30% at 10 fM, 1 pM, and 100(More)
Physical and psychological stressors reduce natural killer cell function. This reduction in cellular function results from stress-induced release of glucocorticoids. Glucocorticoids act upon natural killer cells to deacetylate and transrepress immune response genes through epigenetic processes. However, other than the glucocorticoid receptor, the proteins(More)
This pilot study used a prospective longitudinal design to compare the effect of adjuvant whole breast radiation therapy (WBRT) versus partial breast radiation therapy (PBRT) on fatigue, perceived stress, quality of life and natural killer cell activity (NKCA) in women receiving radiation after breast cancer surgery. Women (N = 30) with early-stage breast(More)
Research that uses a psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) framework seeks to determine whether valid associations exist among stress, immune function, and health. These associations are difficult to conclusively determine due to the fact that PNI research is fraught with methodological difficulties. These difficulties arise from the multifaceted and complex nature(More)
A simple, rapid mixed agglutination test using sheep erythrocytes (SRBC) sensitized with rabbit hemolysin and intact viable staphylococci is described for the detection of bound staphylococcal protein A. Soluble protein A was heat extracted from 50 clinical isolates as well as the Cowan I and Wood 46 strains of Staphylococcus aureus and titered by a(More)
Xenogenic antibodies with reactivity for surface determinants of the guinea pig line-10 hepatocarcinoma were isolated by using cellular immunoadsorbents prepared by coupling formalin-treated line-10 cells to diethylaminoethyl cellulose. Antibodies prepared in this manner exhibited a high degree of reactivity for line-10 surface determinants. These(More)
Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) provides a distinct perspective regarding the interrelatedness of the nervous, endocrine, and immune systems. PNI explicates the possible means by which behavior and emotion can influence immune function. Moreover, PNI explains the means by which the immune system affects the nervous system and affects psychological response. The(More)
Dibucaine, a local anesthetic known to interact with cell membranes, induced apoptosis in SK-N-MC human neuroblastoma cells in a dose-dependent manner. Apoptosis was demonstrated by direct visualization of morphological nuclear changes using a DAPI staining technique and confirmed by the production of characteristic ladder patterns of DNA fragmentation on(More)