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We used the isolated N- and C-domains of the angiotensin 1-converting enzyme (N-ACE and C-ACE; ACE; kininase II) to investigate the hydrolysis of the active 1-7 derivative of angiotensin (Ang) II and inhibition by 5-S-5-benzamido-4-oxo-6-phenylhexanoyl-L-proline (keto-ACE). Ang-(1-7) is both a substrate and an inhibitor; it is cleaved by N-ACE at(More)
We discovered an enzyme in human platelets that deamidates substance P and other tachykinins. Because an amidated carboxyl terminus is important for biological activity, we purified and characterized this deamidase. The enzyme, released from human platelets by thrombin, was purified to homogeneity by ammonium sulfate precipitation, followed by(More)
Because of the importance of bradykinin in improving heart function in some conditions or in enhancing glucose uptake by skeletal muscle, we investigated kininases in these tissues. In P3 fraction of the heart and skeletal muscles, angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) and neutral endopeptidase 24.11 (NEP) are the major kininases, as determined first with(More)
We identified a chymotrypsin-like activity in the granules of IL-2 lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells and a NK cell line (YT) that reacted preferentially with the oligopeptide substrate succinyl-Phe-Leu-Phe-thiobenzyl ester (Suc-Phe-Leu-Phe-SBzl). The enzyme was isolated by detergent extraction of sedimented cytotoxic granules and then by a sequence of(More)
Alveolar macrophages protect the lungs against noxious agents. Proteases and peptidases are essential for this defense and many metabolic activities. Human alveolar macrophages were evaluated for the presence of six important peptidases. Deamidase, a serine peptidase identical with the lysosomal protective protein and possibly with cathepsin A, had high(More)
Human heart tissue enzymes cleave angiotensin (Ang) I to release Ang 1-9, Ang II, or Ang 1-7. In atrial homogenate preparations, cathepsin A (deamidase) is responsible for 65% of the liberated Ang 1-9. Ang 1-7 was released (88% to 100%) by a metallopeptidase, as established with peptidase inhibitors. Ang II was liberated to about equal degrees by ACE and(More)
Deamidase cleaves ester and peptide bonds in various substrates and deamidates protected COOH-terminal amino acids. It preferentially hydrolyzes peptides which contain hydrophobic amino acids in the P1' and/or P1 position. Because the COOH-terminal end of endothelin I contains the hydrophobic sequence -Ile19-Ile20-Trp21-OH, we investigated whether human(More)
Somatic angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE; kininase II) has two active sites, in two (N and C) domains. We studied the active centers with separate N-domain ACE (N-ACE), testicular C-domain ACE (germinal ACE) and, as control, renal somatic ACE. Germinal ACE cleaved the nonapeptide bradykinin about two times faster than N-ACE in 20 mM Cl-. Bradykinin1-7(More)
We studied the enhancement of the effects of bradykinin B2 receptor agonists by agents that react with active centers of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) independent of enzymatic inactivation. The potentiation and the desensitization and resensitization of B2 receptor were assessed by measuring [3H]arachidonic acid release and [Ca2+]i mobilization in(More)
The kinetic parameters of serotonin (5-HT) uptake and imipramine binding of the synaptosomes and blood platelets of male Fawn-hooded rats, which have a 5-HT storage abnormality, and normal Sprague-Dawley rats were compared. The Vmax for 5-HT uptake of synaptosomes from Fawn-hooded rats was significantly greater than that of Sprague-Dawley rats whereas that(More)