Herbert J. Kronzucker

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Most higher plants develop severe toxicity symptoms when grown on ammonium (NH(4)(+)) as the sole nitrogen source. Recently, NH(4)(+) toxicity has been implicated as a cause of forest decline and even species extinction. Although mechanisms underlying NH(4)(+) toxicity have been extensively sought, the primary events conferring it at the cellular level are(More)
Sodium (Na) toxicity is one of the most formidable challenges for crop production world-wide. Nevertheless, despite decades of intensive research, the pathways of Na(+) entry into the roots of plants under high salinity are still not definitively known. Here, we review critically the current paradigms in this field. In particular, we explore the evidence(More)
Ratios of ammonium (NH 4 ‡) to nitrate (NO 3 ±) in soils are known to increase during forest succession. Using evidence from several previous studies, we hypothesize that a malfunction in NH 4 ‡ transport at the membrane level might limit the persistence of early successional tree species in later seral stages. In those studies, 13 N radiotracing was used(More)
References 1 Greiner, S. et al. (1999) Ectopic expression of a tobacco invertase inhibitor homolog prevents cold-induced sweetening of potato tubers. Nat. Biotechnol. 17, 708–711 2 Hemberg, T. (1985) Potato rest. In Potato Physiology (Li, P.H., ed.), pp. 353–388, Academic Press 3 Suttle, J.C. (1995) Postharvest changes in endogenous ABA levels and ABA(More)
Potassium (K(+)) is the most abundant ion in the plant cell and is required for a wide array of functions, ranging from the maintenance of electrical potential gradients across cell membranes, to the generation of turgor, to the activation of numerous enzymes. The majority of these functions depend more or less directly upon the activities and regulation of(More)
Inorganic nitrogen concentrations in soil solutions vary across several orders of magnitude among different soils and as a result of seasonal changes. In order to respond to this heterogeneity, plants have evolved mechanisms to regulate and influx. In addition, efflux analysis using (13)N has revealed that there is a co-ordinated regulation of all component(More)
The mechanisms involved in regulating high-affinity ammonium (NH4+) uptake and the expression of the AtAMT1 gene encoding a putative high-affinity NH4+ transporter were investigated in the roots of Arabidopsis thaliana. Under conditions of steady-state nitrogen (N) supply, transcript levels of the AtAMT1 gene and Vmax values for high-affinity 13NH4+ influx(More)
Current models of potassium acquisition and cytochemical processes in plants assume that potassium concentrations in the cytosol ([K+]cyt) are maintained homeostatically at approximately 100 mM. Here, we use 42K radiotracer data in the model plant species Hordeum vulgare L. (barley) to show that this assumption is incorrect. Our study reveals that [K+]cyt(More)
ABSTRACT We present the first characterization of K(+) optimization of N uptake and metabolism in an NH(4)(+)-tolerant species, tropical lowland rice (cv. IR-72). (13)N radiotracing showed that increased K(+) supply reduces futile NH(4)(+) cycling at the plasma membrane, diminishing the excessive rates of both unidirectional influx and efflux.(More)