Herbert G. Barthlow

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We isolated the guinea pig right bronchus with the vagus nerves intact and evaluated the changes in isometric tension of the smooth muscle in response to nerve stimulation. Brief (10-s) trains of electrical field stimulation or vagus nerve stimulation caused a biphasic contraction: the "first phase" sensitive to atropine and the "second phase" sensitive to(More)
Through optimization of compounds based on the dual NK(1)/NK(2) antagonist ZD6021, it was found that alteration of two key regions could modulate the balance of NK(1) and NK(2) potency. Substitution of the 2-naphthalene position in analogues of ZD6021 resulted in increased NK(1) potency and thus afforded NK(1) preferential antagonists. Alterations of the(More)
Novel non-fluoroquinolone inhibitors of bacterial type II topoisomerases (DNA gyrase and topoisomerase IV) are of interest for the development of new antibacterial agents that are not impacted by target-mediated cross-resistance with fluoroquinolones. N-Linked amino piperidines, such as 7a, generally show potent antibacterial activity, including against(More)
Endothelins (ETs) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension. We determined whether hypoxic exposure of rats (10% O2-90% N2, 1 atm, 1-48 days) altered contraction to ET in isolated segments of endothelium-denuded extralobar branch pulmonary artery (PA) and aorta. Hypoxic exposure increased hematocrit, right(More)
The abilities of agonists selective for neurokinin (NK)-1 (Ac-[Arg6,Sar9,Met(O2)11]-SP6-11, ASMSP), NK-2 ([beta-Ala8]-NKA4-10) and NK-3 ([Asp5,6,MePhe8]-SP5-11, senktide analog) receptors to contract human bronchus and guinea pig and hamster trachea were studied. The antagonism of these responses by selective antagonists was also examined. In the human(More)
The tachykinins, substance P, neurokinin A, and neurokinin B, have been implicated in many diseases. The present study evaluated the pharmacological properties of a novel tachykinin antagonist ZD6021 [3-cyano-N-((2S)-2-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-4-[4-[2-(methyl-(S)-sulfinyl)-phenyl]piperidino]butyl)-N-methyl-]-napthamide]. The affinity (K(i)) of ZD6021 for the(More)
Exploration of the SAR around selective NK2 antagonists, SR48968 and ZD7944, led to the discovery that naphth-1-amide analogues provide potent dual NK1 and NK2 antagonists. ZD6021 inhibited binding of [3H]-NKA or [3H]-SP to human NK1 and NK2 receptors, with high-affinity (K(i)=0.12 and 0.62nM, respectively). In functional assays ZD6021 had, at 10(-7)M, in(More)
The receptors mediating arterial smooth muscle contraction to endothelins (ET) differ among species and origin of vascular bed. We characterized ET receptors mediating contraction of endothelium-denuded human intralobar pulmonary artery (hIPA) and rat intralobar (rIPA) and extralobar left branch (rLPA) pulmonary artery with ET-1, ET-2, ET-3, sarafotoxin(More)
AZ11637326 (5'-(2-fluoro[3,4,5(-3)H3]phenyl)-spiro[1-azabicyclo [2.2.2]octane-3,2'(3'H)-furo[2,3-b]pyridine) is a potent partial agonist at the human alpha7 neuronal nicotinic receptor with sub-nanomolar affinity for the human and rat alpha7 [(125)I]alpha-bungarotoxin binding sites. In a search for novel agonist radioligands and imaging ligands for the(More)
Endothelins (ET) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension. We evaluated the contribution of protein kinase C (PKC) to the ET-1 response of isolated endothelium-denuded extralobar pulmonary artery (PA) from rats exposed to chronic hypoxia (10% O2-90% N2, 1 ATM, 14 days or 28 days) or air. Hypoxia increased hematocrit(More)