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The ZW bivalent has been identified and characterized in detail in its lampbrush form in oocytes of chicken, quail, turkey, pigeon, chaffinch and sparrow. The sex bivalent in all six species looks like a single highly asymmetrical chromosome. Most of it has the typical lampbrush organization. The terminal one-fifth is relatively thick and condensed and(More)
A highly repetitive, centromerically localized DNA sequence (PR1) has been isolated from the genomic DNA of two species of pigeon (Columba livia andC. palumbus). PR1 is approximately 900 bp long. It includes a sequence that is similar to the CENP-B box of mammals. It represents about 5% of the genome inC. livia and 2% inC. palumbus. In both species, tandem(More)
The arrangement of loops and chromomeres at the ends of lampbrush chromosomes in four species of bird is described with reference to chromomeres, loops and transcription units. Unlike the situation described in lampbrush chromosomes of amphibians, the lampbrush chromosomes of birds end in a terminal chromomere with conspicuous loops emerging from it. The(More)
The male hypermethylated (MHM) region, located near the middle of the short arm of the Z chromosome of chickens, consists of approximately 210 tandem repeats of a BamHI 2.2-kb sequence unit. Cytosines of the CpG dinucleotides of this region are extensively methylated on the two Z chromosomes in the male but much less methylated on the single Z chromosome in(More)
When DNA from blood or liver of Plethodon c. cinereus is centrifuged to equilibrium in cesium chloride it separates out into 2 components. The smaller or satellite component is relatively rich in G + C and is therefore heavy, and it amounts to about 2% of the total DNA. The heavy satellite does not include the ribosomal cistrons, and it is unrelated to the(More)
Chromosomes and DNA sequence homologies have been studied in 15 species of North American salamander belonging to the genus Plethodon. These include 4 Eastern small species, 5 Eastern large species, 5 Western, and 1 New Mexican species. All species have 14 metacentric or sub-metacentric chromosomes. Their karyotypes are closely similar, but their C values(More)
Two clones, pCZTH5-8 and pCZTH12-8, were isolated from a female chicken genomic library by screening with sequences obtained from genomic libraries which had been constructed from a terminal region of a single Z chromosome of chicken utilizing laser microbeam irradiation and PCR amplification. Fluorescencein situ hybridization to the mitotic Z chromosome(More)
Two abundant satellite DNA sequences have been identified in and cloned from the DNA of Triturus cristatus karelinii. The smaller of these with a repeat unit of 33 base pairs (bp) is designated TkS1, the larger with 68 bp is designated TkS2. These satellites are also present in DNA from T.c. cristatus, T.c. carnifex and T. marmoratus but in substantially(More)
A non-repetitive genomic DNA region of about 25 kb was cloned from the W chromosome of chicken using a genomic library prepared from a single W chromosome of the chicken. This region was mapped by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with mitotic and lampbrush chromosomes to a position between the major EcoRI family and the pericentromeric XhoI family(More)