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The ZW bivalent has been identified and characterized in detail in its lampbrush form in oocytes of chicken, quail, turkey, pigeon, chaffinch and sparrow. The sex bivalent in all six species looks like a single highly asymmetrical chromosome. Most of it has the typical lampbrush organization. The terminal one-fifth is relatively thick and condensed and(More)
Two clones, pCZTH5-8 and pCZTH12-8, were isolated from a female chicken genomic library by screening with sequences obtained from genomic libraries which had been constructed from a terminal region of a single Z chromosome of chicken utilizing laser microbeam irradiation and PCR amplification. Fluorescence in situ hybridization to the mitotic Z chromosome(More)
A highly repetitive, centromerically localized DNA sequence (PR1) has been isolated from the genomic DNA of two species of pigeon (Columba livia and C. palumbus). PR1 is approximately 900 bp long. It includes a sequence that is similar to the CENP-B box of mammals. It represents about 5% of the genome in C. livia and 2% in C. palumbus. In both species,(More)
The arrangement of loops and chromomeres at the ends of lampbrush chromosomes in four species of bird is described with reference to chromomeres, loops and transcription units. Unlike the situation described in lampbrush chromosomes of amphibians, the lampbrush chromosomes of birds end in a terminal chromosome with conspicuous loops emerging from it. The(More)
The arrangement of chromosomes in the elongated sperm nuclei of chicken was studied using fluorescence in situ hybridization with probes specific for telomeres of all chromosomes, a microchromosome, the long arm of chromosome 6, the large heterochromatic block on the Z-chromosome, and the same heterochromatic block plus subtelomeric sites on(More)
Cell volume has been determined in 18 species of amphibian, ranging in C value from 1.4 pg to 62 pg DNA. There is a strong linear relationship between C value and both erythrocyte volume and erythrocyte nuclear volume. We have collected data on the timing of early embryogenesis from fertilization of the egg to the hatching tadpole in some amphibians ranging(More)
The male hypermethylated (MHM) region, located near the middle of the short arm of the Z chromosome of chickens, consists of approximately 210 tandem repeats of a BamHI 2.2-kb sequence unit. Cytosines of the CpG dinucleotides of this region are extensively methylated on the two Z chromosomes in the male but much less methylated on the single Z chromosome in(More)
The pattern of distribution of telomeric DNA (TTAGGG), 28S rDNA, and 5S rDNA has been studied using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and primed in situ labelling during spermatogenesis and sperm formation in the filiform spermatozoa of two species of planarians, Dendrocoelum lacteum and Polycelis tenuis (Turbellaria, Plathelminthes). In both(More)
Chromomeres 1 and 3 of the chicken W lampbrush chromosome contain most of the EcoRI and XhoI repeat sequence families respectively. These chromomeres were stained with DAPI and their sizes relative to other W chromomeres were observed. Their relative contents of EcoRI and XhoI repeats were determined using fluorescence in situ hybridization with genomic(More)