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We present a performance evaluation of a recently introduced dual-source computed tomography (DSCT) system equipped with two X-ray tubes and two corresponding detectors, mounted onto the rotating gantry with an angular offset of 90°. We introduce the system concept and derive its consequences and potential benefits for echocardiograph (ECG)-controlled(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of a differentiation of iodine from other materials and of different body tissues using dual energy CT. Ten patients were scanned on a SOMATOM Definition Dual Source CT (DSCT; Siemens, Forchheim, Germany) system in dual energy mode at tube voltages of 140 and 80 kVp and a ratio of 1:3 between tube(More)
Coronary CT angiography allows high-quality imaging of the coronary arteries when state-of-the-art CT systems are used. However, radiation exposure has been a concern. We describe a new scan mode that uses a very high-pitch spiral acquisition, "Flash Spiral," which has been developed specifically for low-dose imaging with dual-source CT. The scan mode uses(More)
During the past years, multi-detector row CT (MDCT) has evolved into clinical practice with a rapid increase of the number of detector slices. Today's 64 slice CT systems allow whole-body examinations with sub-millimeter resolution in short scan times. As an alternative to adding even more detector slices, we describe the system concept and design of a CT(More)
PURPOSE To prospectively compare the dose performance of a 64-channel multi-detector row computed tomographic (CT) scanner and a 64-channel dual-source CT scanner from the same manufacturer. MATERIALS AND METHODS To minimize dose in the cardiac (dual-source) mode, the evaluated dual-source CT system uses a cardiac beam-shaping filter, three-dimensional(More)
UNLABELLED Multi-detector computed tomography (CT) scanners, by virtue of their high temporal and spatial resolution, permit imaging of the coronary arteries. However, motion artifacts, especially in patients with higher heart rates, can impair image quality. We thus evaluated the performance of a new dual-source CT (DSCT) with a heart rate independent(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES The authors present advances in electrocardiographically (ECG) gated cardiac spiral scanning with recently introduced 16-section computed tomographic (CT) equipment. MATERIALS AND METHODS The authors discuss the technical principles of ECG-gated cardiac scanning. They give an overview on system properties and on the detector(More)
The introduction in 1998 of multi-detector row computed tomography (CT) by the major CT vendors was a milestone with regard to increased scan speed, improved z-axis spatial resolution, and better utilization of the available x-ray power. In this review, the general technical principles of multi-detector row CT are reviewed as they apply to the established(More)
Echo planar imaging is characterized by scanning the 2D k-space after a single excitation. Different sampling patterns have been proposed. A technically feasible method uses a sinusoidal readout gradient resulting is measured data that does not sample k-space in an equidistant manner. In order to employ a conventional 2D-FFT image reconstruction, the data(More)
The meanwhile established generation of 16-slice CT systems enables routine sub-millimeter imaging at short breath-hold times. Clinical progress in the development of multidetector row CT (MDCT) technology beyond 16 slices can more likely be expected from further improvement in spatial and temporal resolution rather than from a mere increase in the speed of(More)