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Echo planar imaging is characterized by scanning the 2D k-space after a single excitation. Different sampling patterns have been proposed. A technically feasible method uses a sinusoidal readout gradient resulting is measured data that does not sample k-space in an equidistant manner. In order to employ a conventional 2D-FFT image reconstruction, the data(More)
The introduction in 1998 of multi-detector row computed tomography (CT) by the major CT vendors was a milestone with regard to increased scan speed, improved z-axis spatial resolution, and better utilization of the available x-ray power. In this review, the general technical principles of multi-detector row CT are reviewed as they apply to the established(More)
We present a new steady-state imaging sequence, which simultaneously allows in a single acquisition the formation of two MR images with clearly different contrasts. The contrast of the first image is FISP-like, whereas the second image is strongly T2-weighted. In principle the T2 values in the image can be calculated from the combination of the first and(More)
We present a theoretical overview and a performance evaluation of a novel z-sampling technique for multidetector row CT (MDCT), relying on a periodic motion of the focal spot in the longitudinal direction (z-flying focal spot) to double the number of simultaneously acquired slices. The z-flying focal spot technique has been implemented in a recently(More)
The meanwhile established generation of 16-slice CT systems enables routine sub-millimeter imaging at short breath-hold times. Clinical progress in the development of multidetector row CT (MDCT) technology beyond 16 slices can more likely be expected from further improvement in spatial and temporal resolution rather than from a mere increase in the speed of(More)
The authors present and evaluate concepts for image reconstruction in dual source CT (DSCT). They describe both standard spiral (helical) DSCT image reconstruction and electrocardiogram (ECG)-synchronized image reconstruction. For a compact mechanical design of the DSCT, one detector (A) can cover the full scan field of view, while the other detector (B)(More)
This work assesses the temporal resolution of dual-source computed tomography (CT) in a visually intuitive manner. Exploiting the principles of ring artifact creation, a phantom containing a highly attenuating delta function signal (a wire) was rotated at the same speed as the gantry, creating a partial ring artifact where the angular extent of the artifact(More)
In CT imaging, a variety of applications exist which are strongly SNR limited. However, in some cases redundant data of the same body region provide additional quanta. Examples in dual energy CT, the spatial resolution has to be compromised to provide good SNR for material decomposition. However, the respective spectral dataset of the same body region(More)
PURPOSE Cardiac CT achieves its high temporal resolution by lowering the scan range from 2pi to pi plus fan angle (partial scan). This, however, introduces CT-value variations, depending on the angular position of the pi range. These partial scan artifacts are of the order of a few HU and prevent the quantitative evaluation of perfusion measurements. The(More)