Herbert Biebach

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The energetic demands of long-distance migratory birds change drastically, depending on the stage of their life cycle. Changing demands are reflected in the up and down regulation of adipose tissue and organ mass. This paper presents new data on organ size changes during different stages of spring migration of garden warblers (Sylvia borin). Phenotypic mass(More)
The effect of body mass and fat reserves on the choice of the stopover place and on the stopover period was investigated in 3 species of passerine birds migrating through the Sahara in Egypt. Birds grounded in an oasis with food and water were more than 10% lighter than those from a desert stopover place which offered shade only. Stopover period was in(More)
Samples of flight and leg muscle tissue were taken from migratory garden warblers at three different stages of migration: (1) pre-flight: when birds face an extended flight phase within the next few days, (2) post-flight: when they have just completed an extended flight phase, and (3) recovery: when they are at the end of a stop-over period following an(More)
Digestive tract morphology and function of captive garden warblers (Sylvia borin) were measured during four stages of their endogenous circannual rhythm: before, during and after their autumn fattening prior to migration to wintering grounds in Africa, and after a partially simulated migratory flight. Food intake increased by 33% during fattening,(More)
The metabolic costs of flight at a natural range of speeds were investigated in Rose Coloured Starlings (Sturnus roseus, Linnaeus) using doubly labelled water. Eight birds flew repeatedly and unrestrained for bouts of 6 h at speeds from 9 to 14 m s−1 in a low-turbulence wind tunnel, corresponding to travel distances between 200 and 300 km, respectively.(More)
Garden warblers (Sylvia borin) were subjected to starvation trials during their autumnal migratory phase in order to simulate a period of non-stop migration. Before, during and after this treatment the energy expenditure, activity, food intake and body mass of the subjects were monitored. Assimilation efficiency was constant throughout the experiments. The(More)
the territory of another toad it reacts to the arrival of waves either by retreating (response types 1 or 3) or by engaging in territorial behavior ( types2 or 4). The interaction between sender and receiver may determine the territorial boundaries between two calling male toads. Significantly the minimal territorial distance between two calling males (i.e.(More)
Respiratory water loss in Starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) at rest and during flight at ambient temperatures (T(amb)) between 6 and 25 degrees C was calculated from respiratory airflow and exhaled air temperature. At rest, breathing frequency f (1.4+/-0.3 Hz) and tidal volume Vt (1.9+/-0.4 ml) were independent of T(amb), but negatively correlated with each(More)
Garden warblers are able to learn an association between time of day and feeding place. In constant dim light and constant food availability, the learned feeding pattern (successive visits to four feeding rooms for approximately 3 hr each) persisted for at least 1 day in three birds and for at least 6 days in one bird. The free-running feeding rhythm had a(More)