Herbert Baquerizo

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An assay was developed to detect the cytotoxic effects of cytokines on rat pancreatic islet cells in monolayer culture. Cell lysis was detected by a 51Cr-release assay after 4 days of incubation with various cytokines. When tested alone, murine (rat and mouse) interferon-gamma (mIFN-gamma) produced a small dose-dependent lysis of islet cells; human(More)
Immunoregulatory polypeptides (cytokines) produced by mononuclear cells of the immune system can inhibit insulin secretion and may be cytotoxic to pancreatic islet beta cells. We used a modified 51Cr release cytotoxicity assay to define the interactive cytotoxic effects of interleukin-1 (IL-1), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), and interferon gamma (IFN-gamma)(More)
A woman in complete remission from acute myeloblastic leukemia developed thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) subsequent to the third intensive consolidation cycle of cytosine arabinoside and daunorubicin chemotherapy. The constellation of clinical manifestations indicative of TTP were recognized only in retrospect, as they were initially attributed to(More)
A possible role for oxygen free radicals in mediating the cytotoxic effects of cytokines in islets was sought by the use of agents that scavenge free radicals. Rat islet cell monolayer cultures were incubated for 6 days with t-butylhy-droperoxide, alloxan, streptozotocin, or the cytokines, interleukin 1, tumour necrosis factor, and interferon gamma, without(More)
Recent observations suggest a role for interleukin-1 (IL-1), a polypeptide product of macrophage/monocytic cells, in the immune-mediated destruction of pancreatic islet beta-cells observed in type 1 diabetes. In this study, we investigated the effects of IL-1 on both alpha- and beta-cell secretory functions in rat islet cell monolayer cultures. Insulin(More)
Arachidonic acid metabolites (eicosanoids) have been implicated in mediating actions of cytokines in different tissues. In this study, we tested inhibitors of arachidonate metabolism for possible protection against the toxic effects of the cytokine combination of tumor necrosis factor (TNF, 100 U/ml) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma, 100 U/ml) in rat islet(More)
Polypeptide products of mononuclear cells of the immune system (cytokines) have been reported to be cytotoxic to the insulin-producing pancreatic islet beta-cells. The objective of this study was to distinguish between reversible effects of cytokines on insulin secretion and irreversible cytotoxic effects on the islet beta-cells. When tested as single(More)
BACKGROUND Up-to-date identification of local trends in sepsis incidence and outcomes is of considerable public health importance. The aim of our study was to estimate annual incidence rates and in-hospital mortality trends for hospitalized patients with sepsis in a European setting, while avoiding selection bias in relation to different complexity(More)
Anti-islet cell-mediated immunity in the Bio-Breeding/Worcester (BB/Wor) rat was studied by measuring the cytotoxic activity of splenic lymphoid cells from diabetes-prone (DP) rats receiving either oral cyclosporine (Cy-A, 10 mg/kg/d) or olive oil vehicle (DP control) from age 40 to 105 d. Splenic cells were incubated with concanavalin A (Con-A) for 16 h,(More)
We compared the cytotoxic effects to islet cells of lymphoid cells from diabetic and diabetes-resistant (DR) BioBreeding/Worcester (BB/W) rats with a 51Cr-release assay to detect lysis of normal rat islet cells. Splenic lymphoid cells from diabetic rats were more cytotoxic to islet cells (11.3 +/- 3.8%) than were lymphoid cells from DR rats (4.0 +/- 2.6%).(More)