Herbert A. Avila

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A 6 M guanidine-HCl/0.2 M EDTA solution was used to lyse and store whole blood specimens. DNA stored in guanidine-EDTA-blood (GEB) lysate was found to be undegraded after incubation at 37 degrees C for 1 month, suggesting that this represents an appropriate reagent for transport of blood samples from the field to a laboratory for analysis. Trypanosoma cruzi(More)
Protozoan parasites of the genus Leishmania undergo a complex life cycle involving transmission by biting sand flies and replication within mammalian macrophage phagolysosomes. A major component of the Leishmania surface coat is the glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored polysaccharide called lipophosphoglycan (LPG). LPG has been proposed to play many(More)
Kinetoplast DNA (kDNA) was isolated from 56 stocks of Trypanosoma cruzi isolated from human patients, animals and insects from Brazil, Venezuela, Colombia and Costa Rica. Comparison of the patterns of digested kDNA on acrylamide gels led to the grouping of several stocks into two schizodemes. Schizodeme analysis was also performed using a set of 330-bp(More)
A panel of 114 blood samples from chronic chagasic patients and nonchagasic patients was screened for Trypanosoma cruzi by xenodiagnostic, serologic, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification tests. Blood samples were preserved in a guanidine-EDTA buffer, and total blood DNA was isolated after chemical nuclease cleavage with(More)
The previously observed extensive sequence heterogeneity of the kinetoplast minicircle DNA in Trypanosoma cruzi, both intra- and interstrain, has raised the question as to how the minicircle DNA in this species can have any guide RNA (gRNA)-coding capacity at all, because there do not appear to be any variable-region sequences conserved between different(More)
The editing of RNA in trypanosomatid mitochondria involves the insertion and occasional deletion of uridine residues within coding regions of maxicircle messenger RNA transcripts. The extent to which the transcripts of homologous genes undergo editing differs in different species. In some, entire genes are edited (pan-editing), whereas in others, editing is(More)
Leishmania promastigotes express an abundant cell surface glycoconjugate, lipophosphoglycan (LPG). LPG contains a polymer of the disaccharide-phosphate repeat unit Galbeta1,4Manalpha1-PO4, shared by other developmentally regulated molecules implicated in parasite virulence. Functional complementation of a Leishmania donovani LPG-defective mutant (OB1)(More)
Quantitative RT-PCR using LUX primers was performed to determine the expression patterns of various transcripts in samples of pluripotent, mouse P-19 stem cells. The P-19 cells were used because they transform into neuron-like cells upon retinoic acid treatment. The expression of neural and stem cell genes, including GLUR1, GABA-B1a, NMDA1, GAP-43, ChAT,(More)
Uridine insertion/deletion RNA editing is a post-transcriptional RNA modification occurring in the mitochondria of kinetoplastid protozoa. The U-insertion/deletion Edited Sequence Database is a compilation of mitochondrial genes and edited mRNAs from five kinetoplastid species. It contains separate files with the DNA, mRNA (both unedited and edited) and(More)
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