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We describe a compartmental pharmacokinetic model for methyl mercury and its metabolite mercuric mercury in humans. A tracer dose of 203Hg-labeled methyl mercury was administered iv to seven healthy young adult male volunteers. Blood samples were obtained periodically and urine and feces were collected throughout the 70 days of the study. The blood(More)
OBJECTIVE We hypothesized that the additional use of automatic tube compensation (ATC) during a spontaneous breathing trial with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), by minimizing respiratory work, would result in more patients undergoing successful extubation. DESIGN Prospective, randomized, controlled study. SETTING A ten-bed, general intensive(More)
Dermal penetration of carbofuran was determined in young (33 d) and adult (82 d) female Fischer 344 rats employing in vivo and in vitro methods. In vivo dermal penetration at 120 h was 43% for young and 18% for adult rats. The half-time for carbofuran skin penetration (in vivo) was 128 h for the young and 400 h for the adults. The young to adult ratio of(More)
Seven-day-old Long Evans rats received one mumol of 203Hg-labeled methyl mercury/kg sc and whole body retention and tissue distribution of organic and inorganic mercury were examined for 32 days postdosing. Neonates cleared mercury slowly until 10 days postdosing when the clearance rate abruptly increased. During the interval when whole body clearance of(More)
At 56 days of age, male and female Long-Evans rats received 1 mumole of 203Hg-labeled methyl mercuric chloride per kilogram sc and total, organic, and inorganic mercury contents and concentrations in tissues were determined for up to 98 days postdosing. Whole body clearance of mercury was faster in females than in males, and females attained higher peak(More)
The objective of this study was to compare the in vitro percutaneous absorption of phenol and eight p-substituted phenolic derivatives using the static and flow-through diffusion systems. The variability of the cumulative percentage absorption data was also examined. Clipped dorsal skin was removed from female Fischer 344 rats (90 days old), cut on a(More)
Adult male and female Long Evans rats received 1 mumole of methyl (203Hg) mercuric chloride per kilogram sc. Whole-body retention of mercury and excretion of organic and inorganic mercury in urine and feces were monitored for 98 days after dosing. Females cleared mercury from the body more rapidly than did males. The major route of mercury excretion was(More)
In vivo percutaneous absorption of 14 pesticides was studied in young (33-d-old) and adult (82-d-old) female Fischer 344 rats, at three different dose levels. Carbon-14-labeled pesticides in acetone were applied to previously clipped middorsal skin. The treatment area was 2-3% of the body surface area. Penetration of the pesticides during a 72-h period(More)