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Real-time RT-PCR (RT-qPCR) is a sensitive and precise method of quantifying gene expression, however, suitable reference genes are required. Here, a systematic reference gene screening was performed by RT-qPCR on 22 candidate genes in Hevea brasiliensis. Two ubiquitin-protein ligases (UBC2a and UBC4) were the most stable when all samples were analyzed(More)
Efficient sucrose loading in rubber-producing cells (laticifer cells) is essential for retaining rubber productivity in Hevea brasiliensis, but the molecular mechanisms underlying the regulation of this process remain unknown. Here, we functionally characterized a putative Hevea SUT member, HbSUT3, mainly in samples from regularly exploited trees. When(More)
Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is the major histological type of esophageal cancer in developing countries. The prognosis and survival rate of ESCC are very poor. Recently, microRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as important regulators of cancer cell biological processes. To better understanding the molecular mechanisms by which they regulate the(More)
The fermentation of dehydroepiandrosterone synthesized from the starting material diosgenin using Mucor racemosus produced 7alpha-hydroxy-dehydroepiandrosterone and 7beta-hydroxy-dehydroepiandrosterone. The bioactivity of the microbial metabolites is also discussed. The species M. racemosus was isolated by screening among stains from soil samples collected(More)
Fermentation of 5alpha,6alpha-epoxy-3beta-hydroxy-16-pregnen-20-one (4) with Trichoderma viride under aerobic condition yielded 3beta,5alpha,6beta-trihydroxy-16-pregnen-20-one (5) and 3beta,5alpha,6beta,15beta-tetrahydroxy-16-pregnen-20-one (6). Each microbial metabolite was characterized by spectroscopic methods. Compounds 6 and(More)
The biotransformations of a series of steroids by the fungus penicillium citreo-viride A.C.C.C. 0402 have been investigated, and the conversion to the same product testolactone (1) was observed from progesterone (2), dehydroepiandrosterone (3), 4-androstene-3, 17-dione (4), 5-androstene-3, 17-diol (5) with the exception of pregnenolone (6) and(More)
Isolating high-quality RNA from latex of H. brasiliensis is a prerequisite to elucidating the molecular mechanisms of rubber biosynthesis and its regulation. Here, an improved protocol was developed for latex collection, transportation, storage, and RNA isolation. Compared with existing ones, our protocol eliminated liquid nitrogen for latex collection and(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to evaluate the nanoleakage patterns of four dentin bonding systems. METHODS The dentin bonding systems used in this study were: Single Bond, One Coat Bond, Prime & Bond NT/Non Rinse Conditioner (NRC), and PermaQuik. Flat occlusal dentin surfaces from extracted human molars were finished with wet 600-grit silicon(More)
Angiogenesis is essential for tumor growth. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is characterized by hypervascularity; high levels of angiogenesis are associated with poor prognosis and a highly invasive phenotype in HCC. Up-regulated gene-4 (URG4), also known as upregulator of cell proliferation (URGCP), is overexpressed in multiple tumor types and has been(More)