Learn More
Endurance exercise training can promote an adaptive muscle fiber transformation and an increase of mitochondrial biogenesis by triggering scripted changes in gene expression. However, no transcription factor has yet been identified that can direct this process. We describe the engineering of a mouse capable of continuous running of up to twice the distance(More)
SUMMARY The benefits of endurance exercise on general health make it desirable to identify orally active agents that would mimic or potentiate the effects of exercise to treat metabolic diseases. Although certain natural compounds, such as reseveratrol, have endurance-enhancing activities, their exact metabolic targets remain elusive. We therefore tested(More)
In contrast to the well-established roles of PPARgamma and PPARalpha in lipid metabolism, little is known for PPARdelta in this process. We show here that targeted activation of PPARdelta in adipose tissue specifically induces expression of genes required for fatty acid oxidation and energy dissipation, which in turn leads to improved lipid profiles and(More)
1 Gene Expression Laboratory tional level, how this process is controlled, in particular 2 Howard Hughes Medical Institute how fuel oxidation and energy uncoupling is integrated, The Salk Institute is not well understood. elements in the promoter region of target genes. The Seoul 151-747 PPAR subgroup comprises three closely related mem-Korea bers: PPAR␣,(More)
The benefits of endurance exercise on general health make it desirable to identify orally active agents that would mimic or potentiate the effects of exercise to treat metabolic diseases. Although certain natural compounds, such as reseveratrol, have endurance-enhancing activities, their exact metabolic targets remain elusive. We therefore tested the effect(More)
The estrogen receptor (ER) is a hormone-dependent transcription factor that belongs to the steroid/thyroid hormone receptor superfamily. Since the ER contributes to development and progression in human breast cancer, a number of studies have explored ways to inactivate this receptor. Previous studies have suggested that the 90-kDa heat shock protein (Hsp90)(More)
A variety of oscillations are observed in pancreatic islets. We establish a model incorporating two oscillatory systems of different time scales: One is the well-known bursting model in pancreatic cells and the other is the glucose-insulin feedback model which considers direct and indirect feedback of secreted insulin. These two are coupled to interact with(More)
The estrogen receptor-related receptor gamma (ERRgamma/ERR3/NR3B3) is a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily that activates transcription in the absence of ligand. However, the detailed mechanism of gene regulation by ERRgamma is not fully understood. In this study we have found that the orphan nuclear receptor ERRgamma activates the DAX-1 promoter,(More)
A new inhibitor, placotylene A (1), of the receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclast differentiation, and a regioisomer of placotylene A, placotylene B (2), were isolated from a Korean marine sponge Placospongia sp. The chemical structures of placotylenes A and B were elucidated on the basis of 1D and 2D NMR, along with MS(More)
Three new steroids 3-oxocholest-1,22-dien-12β-ol (1), 3-oxocholest-1,4-dien-20β-ol (2), 3-oxocholest-1,4-dien-12β-ol (3), and three known steroids (20S)-20-Hydroxyergosta-1,4,24(28)-trien-3-one (4) [7a], 5α,8α-Epidioxycholesta-6,22-dien-3β-ol (5) [10] and 5-cholestene-3β,12β-diol (6) [11] were isolated from a soft coral Dendronephthya gigantea. Their(More)
  • 1