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1 In mouse isolated atria previously incubated with [3H]-noradrenaline, 8-bromo-cyclic AMP (3-270 microM) produced a concentration-dependent increase in the fractional stimulation-induced outflow of radioactivity. 8-Bromo-cyclic GMP induced a lesser increase in the stimulation-induced outflow. 2 The phosphodiesterase inhibitors: M&B 22948 (90 microM); ICI(More)
1. Adrenaline in a concentration of 1.0 microM depressed the stimulation-induced efflux of tritium from the guinea-pig atria incubated with [3H]-noradrenaline, whereas adrenaline in a concentration of 0.5 nM significantly enhanced the stimulation-induced efflux of tritium. This enhancement was blocked by metoprolol (0.1 microM) and thus appears to be(More)
The signalling pathway involved in beta-adrenoceptor relaxation was studied in aortas from rats either 8 or 54 weeks of age. The vasorelaxation produced by isoprenaline was almost completely abolished by endothelium removal in 54-week aortas, whereas in 8-week aortas, the effect was much smaller. The nitric oxide synthase inhibitor N-methyl-1-arginine(More)
Activation of receptors on postganglionic sympathetic nerve endings can alter the amount of noradrenaline release during a train of nerve impulses. These changes may be produced by the enzyme-linked synthesis of second messenger molecules within the nerve terminal. Cyclic AMP analogues enhance noradrenaline release and two hormones adrenaline and ACTH(More)
On peripheral noradrenergic nerve endings there exist beta-adrenoreceptors activation of which results in an enhanced release of noradrenaline in response to nerve stimulation. These presynapatic beta-adrenoreceptors do not appear to be activated by neuronally-released noradrenaline. However, adrenaline may be a physiological activator during enhanced(More)
In rabbit isolated pulmonary artery previously incubated with [3H]-noradrenaline, isoprenaline (0.3 microM) had no effect on the stimulation-induced outflow of radioactivity. However, if the phosphodiesterase inhibitor ICI 63,197 (30 microM) or the alpha-adrenoceptor blocker phentolamine (1 microM) was present, then isoprenaline significantly enhanced the(More)
Local mechanisms that regulate transmitter release at autonomic neuroeffector junctions may be classified into four main types: (a) Automodulation, involving a feedback effect of the transmitter on receptors associated with the prejunctional terminals resulting in a restraint on the facilitation of release that occurs when a train of nerve impulses invades(More)
1. In rabbit pulmonary artery and left atrial strips previously incubated with [3H]-noradrenaline, the active fragment of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH 1-24, 0.1 microM) significantly enhanced the stimulation-induced (S-I) outflow of radioactivity when a cocktail containing corticosterone (40 microM), cocaine (30 microM) and propranolol (4 microM) was(More)
The aim of the study was to investigate beta adrenoceptor modulation of norepinephrine release from sympathetic nerves in rat isolated kidney. After preincubation with [3H]norepinephrine, the renal nerves were stimulated at 1 Hz. The stimulation induced (S-I) outflow of radioactivity was taken as an index of norepinephrine release. Isoproterenol (0.1(More)
Acetylcholine outflow can be modulated through inhibitory presynaptic muscarinic autoreceptors. This study was to identify which subtype is involved in mouse cortex. Five muscarinic antagonists and their ability to elevate stimulation-induced (S-I) acetylcholine outflow were tested in the presence of neostigmine, which decreased S-I outflow. The potency of(More)